The Safina Center

Coho salmon.Coho salmon.Photo taken by: Carl Safina

Seafood Choices


Welcome to The Safina Center's Online Seafood Guide. Enter the common or sushi name of any fish in the Search field or scroll the alphabetical by color list to identify sustainable seafood choices. Please note, our guide covers only wild-caught fish, not farm-raised or aquaculture. Enjoy!

Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Atka Mackerel – Alaska

Atka mackerel is related to the greenlings and lingocd. It is a small fish, found in the Northeast Pacific. In Alaska, Atka mackerel are moderately abundant and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. Atka mackerel are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. However, there are a number of spatial restrictions in place […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Barnacle, Gooseneck (Leaf) – British Columbia

The Gooseneck or Leaf Barnacle is a sessile crustacean, found along the west coast of North America. They attach to rocks and form barnacle clusters or beds. The species is fished by the Nuu-chah-nulth First Nations in British Columbia, Canada. It is a small fishery and it is the only fishery for this species in […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Bass, Black Sea – U.S. Atlantic, Handline

Black Sea Bass are found along the U.S. East Coast from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to Cape Canaveral, Florida, and in the Gulf of Mexico. They prefer structural habitats such as shipwrecks, artificial reefs, and oyster or mussel beds. They begin life as females and become males by the time they are five years old. There are two populations of […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Bass, Black Sea – U.S. Atlantic, Pots/Traps

Black Sea Bass are found along the U.S. East Coast from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to Cape Canaveral, Florida, and in the Gulf of Mexico. They prefer structural habitats such as shipwrecks, artificial reefs, and oyster or mussel beds. They begin life as females and become males by the time they are five years old. There are two populations of […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Bass, Chilean Sea – Heard and McDonald Islands, Falkland Islands, Macquarie IslandA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Patagonian Toothfish, more commonly known as Chilean Sea Bass, are widely distributed in the Southern Hemisphere south of 40°S latitude. It is a long-lived species that is thought to reach 50 years in age. Sexual maturity is reached between 6-12 years and fecundity is moderate. Due to its high commercial value, Patagonian Toothfish has been […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Bass, Striped (Suzuki) – U.S., Hook and LineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Striped Bass are a moderately growing, long-lived fish found along the Atlantic Coast of the U.S. and Canada. Since the collapse of the Striped Bass fishery in the 1980s, numbers have gradually increased due to successful management, and today Striped Bass have a high abundance throughout much of their range. Striped Bass are an important […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Bluefish – U.S., HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Although mostly caught by recreational fishers, commercial Bluefish fishers also bring this species to market. High population growth combined with good fisheries management has seen Bluefish abundance increase over the last decade to healthy levels. Most Bluefish are caught with gillnets, but also with bottom trawls and handlines. Fishing for Bluefish with handlines has minimal […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Catfish, Blue – Chesapeake Bay

Blue Catfish is a large freshwater fish species, which can weigh more than 100 lbs and live to over 20 years. Blue Catfish are native to large U.S. rivers, such as the Mississippi, Missouri, and Ohio, but have been introduced into other areas, including several rivers in the Chesapeake Bay region. Although no formal population […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Clam, Geoduck (Mirugai)

Geoducks are very large clams. Their range extends along the Pacific coast of the U.S. and Canada, and they are relatively abundant. They can live for 100 years and they generally reach sexual maturity in less than 10 years. They are caught using directed water jets called ‘stingers’ that loosen the mud around each clam, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Clam, Hard – U.S. Atlantic (MA, RI, VA, NC), Rakes & Shovels

Hard Clams are found in intertidal or subtidal waters along the western Atlantic coast and in the Gulf of Mexico. Most commercial fisheries for Hard Clams occur between Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and North Carolina. Either individual states, municipalities, or a combination of both set regulations for fishing. Current abundance of this species is unknown. The rakes […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Clam, Pacific Razor

Pacific Razor Clams are found in shallow coastal waters from Alaska to central California. Pacific Razor Clams grow quickly, reaching sexual maturity around 2-4 years, and they can produce millions of eggs. They are caught in both commercial and recreational fisheries throughout their range. Fishermen dig for clams by hand, with shovels, or clam tubes. […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Clam, Soft-shell – U.S. Atlantic (ME, MA), Rakes & Shovels

Soft-Shell Clams are found in intertidal mud flats throughout much of the North Atlantic Ocean, and in the US are most abundant in Maine. They reach maturity in one year and usually live about 10 – 12 years. Little is known about the abundance or fishing levels on Soft-Shell Clams. There is a size limit […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Cobia – U.S.

Cobia is a large pelagic fish, growing up to 2 m (6.5 ft) in length, and found in tropical and warm-temperate waters worldwide, except for the eastern Pacific. They grow quickly, become sexually mature at 1-3 years of age, and may live for 16 years. Cobia are not targeted directly by commercial fishermen, instead are […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Cockles, New Zealand

New Zealand Cockles are a fast growing species of shellfish found in harbors and estuaries throughout the country. Most populations have a healthy abundance. New Zealand Cockles are mostly collected by hand picking, which causes little habitat damage and results in low levels of bycatch. In some areas, their habitat has been negatively affected by […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Cod, Pacific – AlaskaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Pacific Cod is a relatively fast growing fish that can produce several hundred thousand eggs per year. It is commercially fished in two regions, the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands, and both populations have good abundance. The main fishing methods for Pacific Cod are bottom trawl, pot, longline, and jig gear. Management […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Crab, Blue (Kani) – U.S. Chesapeake Bay, Trotline

Blue Crabs mature early and carry their eggs for a short period of time, making them more resilient to fishing pressure than other crab species. In the U.S., abundance of Blue Crabs is at moderate to healthy levels. Blue Crabs are managed by individual states and management has improved in recent years to ensure the […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Crab, Blue Swimmer – New South Wales, Pot

Blue Swimmer Crab is a tropical species found in estuaries and inshore marine waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region. This species grows quickly, reaches sexual maturity around age one, and lives for three to four years. In New South Wales, the abundance of Blue Swimmer Crab is uncertain. The fishery is well-managed but additional research and monitoring of the […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Crab, Blue Swimmer – South Australia (Spencer Gulf), Pot

Blue Swimmer Crab is a tropical species found in estuaries and inshore marine waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region. This species grows quickly, reaches sexual maturity around age one, and lives for three to four years. In South Australia there are two main fishing areas for Blue Swimmer Crab: Spencer Gulf and Gulf St. Vincent. In Spencer Gulf, the […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Crab, Blue Swimmer – Western Australia (Peel-Harvey Estuary), Pot

Blue Swimmer Crab is a tropical species found in estuaries and inshore marine waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region. This species grows quickly, reaches sexual maturity around age one, and lives for three to four years. In Western Australia there are three main fishing areas for Blue Swimmer Crab: Cockburn Sound, Peel-Harvey Estuary, and Shark Bay. In Peel-Harvey Estuary, the […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Crab, Snow (Kani) – Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada

Snow Crabs become sexually mature around four years and can produce hundreds of thousands of eggs. The Snow Crab population in the Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada is at a healthy abundance level. Pots, which moderately impact the seafloor, are the only fishing equipment used to catch Snow Crabs. In this fishery there are […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Crab, Snow (Kani) – Alaska Eastern Bering Sea

Snow Crabs become sexually mature around four years and can produce hundreds of thousands of eggs. The Snow Crab fisheries, once classified as overfished, have now recovered, and effective management is in place. Pots, which moderately impact the seafloor, are the only fishing equipment used to catch Snow Crabs. Bycatch in the crab fishery is […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Crab, Stone – U.S.

Stone Crabs are popular in the Southeast U.S. and supplied predominantly by the Florida crab fishery. Fishers use traps or pots to catch Stone Crab, which result is minimal catches of non-target species. The fishers take one or both of the claws of the Stone Crabs and then return the crab to the water alive. […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Dogfish, Spiny – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Spiny Dogfish is a widely distributed small shark, found in temperate waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. In the Pacific, they are found from the Bering Sea to Baja California. Like other sharks, they are slow growing, long-lived, and have low reproductive rates, which makes them vulnerable to high fishing pressure. However, the Spiny […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Flounder, Arrowtooth – AlaskaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Arrowtooth Flounder is a moderately long-lived flatfish, found from northern California to the Bering Sea.  In Alaska, abundance of Arrowtooth Flounder is above target levels and fishing levels on Arrowtooth Flounder are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Arrowtooth flounder are caught by bottom trawling, which can be environmentally destructive to bottom ocean habitats. […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Flounder, Kamchatka – Alaska

Kamchatka Flounder is a long-lived flatfish, found in the North Pacific. In Alaska, abundance of Kamchatka Flounder is above target levels and fishing levels are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Kamchatka Flounder are caught by bottom trawling, which can be environmentally destructive to bottom ocean habitats. However, there are numerous spatial restrictions in place that limit […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Flounder, Starry – U.S. West Coast

Starry Flounder is a moderately long-lived flatfish, found throughout the North Pacific.  Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), abundance of Starry Flounder is above target levels and fishing levels on Starry Flounder are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Starry Flounder are caught by bottom trawling, which can be environmentally destructive; however, bottom […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Halibut, California (Hirame) – U.S. Pacific, HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

California Halibut is a flatfish found along the Pacific coast of North America, primarily from central California to southern Baja California, Mexico. They grow slowly, may live for 30 years, and generally become sexually mature within four years. The abundance of California Halibut varies within California, being high in the central region and a lower […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Herring, Atlantic – U.S., Purse Seine

Atlantic Herring are found along the Atlantic coast of North America from Labrador to Cape Hatteras. They mature at 2–4 years and can live 15–18 years. Herring support a substantial bait industry for lobster, blue crab and tuna fisheries. They are also sold as steaks, kippers and are one of many species sold in the U.S. as […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Herring, Pacific – California

Pacific Herring are found in coastal waters throughout the North Pacific from Southern California to Korea. Most of the U.S. catch comes from Alaska, but nearly all is exported. The only remaining Pacific Herring fishery in California is the San Francisco Bay fishery. In this fishery, only a low amount of Pacific Herring are allowed […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Lingcod – U.S. West Coast, Bottom Trawl and LonglineA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Lingcod, which aren’t actually related to cod, are found along the west coast of North America and live on the ocean bottom. Males can be especially sedentary, establishing territories before spawning and guarding fertilized eggs until they hatch. Lingcod were once depleted, but are now considered rebuilt. Fishing levels on the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Lobster, California Spiny – MexicoThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

The California Spiny Lobster is found along the western coast of North America from Monterey, California to Manzanillo, Mexico. In Mexico, Spiny Lobster are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are appropriate. Fishermen use traps to catch Spiny Lobster. There is some concern about bycatch of seabirds, particularly cormorants. There is […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Lobster, Caribbean Spiny – MexicoThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Caribbean Spiny Lobsters grow fast, are highly fecund (very fertile), and can live up to 20 years. In Mexico, the abundance and fishing mortality levels of Caribbean Spiny Lobster are uncertain. However, the fishery is well-managed. Caribbean Spiny Lobster fishermen free-dive and catch the lobsters by hand. As a result, the fishing has minimal affects […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Mackerel, Atlantic (Saba) – U.S. and Canada, Purse Seine

Atlantic Mackerel are fast swimmers found throughout the Atlantic Ocean that mature within 3 years. In U.S. and Canadian waters, the current abundance of Atlantic Mackerel is uncertain. Mackerel play an important role in the ecosystem, providing food for a variety of larger fish, such as sharks, bluefin tuna, and marine mammals. In the U.S. most […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Mackerel, King – U.S. Atlantic, Troll, Pole & HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

King Mackerel inhabit coastal waters along the Eastern seaboard of the U.S.. They were overfished in the mid-1980s, but have rebounded to achieve high abundance today. Conservative management measures now govern the fisheries for King Mackerel. The troll, pole, and handline gear used to catch King Mackerel typically do not contact bottom habitats. Some other fish […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Mackerel, King – U.S. Gulf of Mexico, Runaround GillnetsThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

King Mackerel inhabit coastal waters along the Eastern seaboard of the U.S.. They were overfished in the mid-1980s, but have rebounded to achieve high abundance today. Conservative management measures now govern the fisheries for King Mackerel. Runaround gillnets are set around schools of King Mackerel and result in very little bycatch. This gear does not make […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Mackerel, Spanish (Sawara) – U.S. Atlantic, HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Spanish Mackerel inhabit coastal waters along the Eastern seaboard of the U.S.. They have have recovered from years of overfishing to achieve high abundance today. They are important to recreational as well as commercial fishers. The handline gear used to catch Spanish Mackerel does not typically contact bottom habitats. Some other fish species are caught, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Mackerel, Spanish (Sawara) – U.S., Cast Nets & Runaround GillnetsThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Spanish Mackerel inhabit coastal waters along the Eastern seaboard of the U.S.. They have have recovered from years of overfishing to achieve high abundance today. They are important to recreational as well as commercial fishers. Surface casts nets and runaround gillnets are set around schools of Spanish Mackerel and result in very little bycatch. These […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Mahimahi – U.S. Atlantic, Pole and TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Fast-growing and short-lived, Mahimahi populations can potentially withstand high fishing pressure. No formal population assessments have been done in any region, however, so their overall abundance is unknown. Mahimahi is likely susceptible to broad-scale environmental change, like changing water temperatures or currents, because of their close association with warm tropical currents. The U.S. Atlantic pole-and-line […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Mussels, Blue

Blue Mussels are found in the Arctic, North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans, including the U.S. where they are commonly fished in Maine. Blue Mussels grow quickly, and may live for more than 10 years. They become sexually mature in about 1 year, and females can produce 10 million eggs. The number of Blue Mussels […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Oyster, Eastern – U.S. Gulf of Mexico

Eastern Oysters are found along the eastern coast of North America, from Canada to Mexico, including the Gulf of Mexico and some Caribbean islands. They grow very quickly, reach sexual maturity within several months, and can release tens of millions of eggs each year. Most of the U.S. catch of Eastern Oysters occurs in the […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Perch, Yellow – Chesapeake BayThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish. They are found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada, but also have adapted to the estuarine waters of the Chesapeake Bay, which is the focus of this report. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Perch, Yellow – Lake Erie (Pennsylvania, New York, Canada), Trap NetThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish, found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to three years. In the Great Lakes region, the abundance of Yellow Perch has fluctuated over the years. Lake Erie has the […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Perch, Yellow – Lake Ontario (New York)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish, found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to three years. In the Great Lakes region, the abundance of Yellow Perch has fluctuated over the years. In Lake Ontario, abundance […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Plaice, AlaskaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Alaska Plaice is a long-lived flatfish, found in the North Pacific. In Alaska, abundance of Alaska Plaice is above target levels and fishing levels are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Alaska Plaice are caught by bottom trawling, which can be environmentally destructive to bottom ocean habitats. However, there are numerous spatial restrictions […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Plaice, European – Iceland, Bottom Longline

European Plaice is a species of flatfish found throughout the coastal waters of Europe and is widely distributed in Icelandic waters. European Plaice grow at moderate rates and can live for over 20 years. The overall abundance of European Plaice in Iceland is at moderate levels, but populations have been declining over the last century […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Pompano – U.S. Florida

Pompano is a schooling fish (meaning that they travel in groups) found most commonly in the warm waters in and around Florida. They grow quickly, mature early, and have a short life span. Pompano on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of Florida are analyzed separately from one another. Abundance of Pompano on the Gulf coast […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Aurora – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years has helped many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Blackspotted – Gulf of AlaskaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However Blackspotted Rockfish in Alaska are at a healthy abundance level and the fishery is well-managed. Blackspotted Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Chilipepper – California Groundfish CollectiveThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), Chilipepper Rockfish are moderately abundant. Some Chilipepper Rockfish are caught by the California Groundfish Collective fishery. The […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Darkblotched – U.S. West Coast, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Dusky – AlaskaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However Dusky Rockfish in Alaska are at a healthy abundance level and the fishery is well-managed. Dusky Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Longspine Thornyhead – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years has helped many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Northern – AlaskaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, Northern Rockfish in Alaska are at a healthy abundance level and the fishery is well-managed. Northern Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Pacific Ocean Perch – AlaskaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, Pacific Ocean Perch in Alaska are at a healthy abundance level and the fishery is well-managed. Pacific Ocean Perch are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Rougheye – U.S. West Coast, Bottom LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Shortspine Thornyhead – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years has helped many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Splitnose – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years has helped many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Widow – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years has helped many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Rockfish, Yellowtail – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years has helped many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sablefish – AlaskaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Sablefish is a moderately growing, long-lived species that is found in deep waters of the Pacific Ocean, from northern Alaska to Baja California. In Alaska, Sablefish are caught primarily by longlines and traps/pots. The longline and trap/pot gears cause low damage to the seafloor and result in low bycatch. Sablefish abundance is at a healthy […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sablefish – California Groundfish CollectiveThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Sablefish is a moderately growing, long-lived species that is found in deep waters of the Pacific Ocean, from northern Alaska to Baja California. Sablefish abundance is currently at a medium level, but is declining. Fishing levels on Sablefish have fluctuated around sustainable levels in recent years. Sablefish are primarily caught with bottom trawls, but also […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sablefish – U.S. West Coast, Pot-CaughtThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Sablefish is a moderately growing, long-lived species that is found in deep waters of the Pacific Ocean, from northern Alaska to Baja California. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington) Sablefish abundance is currently at a medium level, but is declining. Fishing levels on Sablefish have fluctuated around sustainable levels in recent years. Sablefish […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Salmon (Sake, Ikura) – AlaskaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Salmon caught from Alaska will be one of five species: Pink, Sockeye, Chum, Coho and Chinook (King) Salmon. Abundance of salmon, particularly Pink and Sockeye, is high in Alaska due to good management and healthy habitat. The majority of salmon is caught with purse seines, followed by gillnets and troll gear. These fishing methods cause […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Salmon, Pink – Fraser River, Washington, Reefnet

A small reefnet fishery for Pink Salmon occurs in the Fraser River around Lummi and San Juan Islands, Washington State. A reefnet is a native tribal method, that’s been adapted for commercial fishing. The fishing gear is carried between two boats and acts as artificial reefs that direct salmon into the net. Pink Salmon in the […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Salmon, Sockeye – Fraser River (early summer run), Washington, Reefnet

A small reefnet fishery for Sockeye Salmon occurs in the Fraser River around Lummi and San Juan Islands, Washington State. A reefnet is a native tribal method, that’s been adapted for commercial fishing. The fishing gear is carried between two boats and acts as artificial reefs that direct salmon into the net. Early summer run Sockeye […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sanddab, Pacific – U.S. West Coast

The Pacific Sanddab is a small-sized flatfish native to the West Coast of North America. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), abundance of Pacific Sanddab is above target levels and fishing levels on Pacific Sanddab are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Pacific Sanddab are caught by bottom trawling, which can be environmentally […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sardine, Pacific (Iwashi) – U.S. and Canada, Purse Seine

Sardines reproduce rapidly, but their populations depend on favorable ocean conditions, which have natural variability. They are important food for many fish, seabirds and marine mammals. Pacific sardines are fished with purse seines. This type of fishing gear does not make contact with the ocean floor in this fishery, and so there are low concerns […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Scad, Big-Eye (Akule) – Hawaii, Net-Caught

Big-eye Scad is a small schooling species found in tropical waters around the globe. In Hawaii, the fishery for Big-eye Scad is one of the most productive near-shore fisheries. Current abundance and fishing levels for Big-eye Scad in Hawaii are unknown. However, some management measures are in place for this species and there is no indication they […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Scad, Mackerel (Opelu) – Hawaii, Net-Caught

Mackerel Scad is a small schooling species found in tropical waters around the globe. In Hawaii, the fishery for Mackerel Scad is one of the most productive near-shore fisheries. Current abundance and fishing levels for Mackerel Scad in Hawaii are unknown. However, some management measures are in place for this species and there is no indication […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Scallop, Weathervane – Alaska

The Weathervane Scallop is a large scallop, growing up to 25 cm in shell height, distributed from central California to Alaska. They grow fast and reach sexual maturity by 4 years. Most Weathervane Scallops are caught in the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea, where fishery management has established catch limits and regulations to control […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sea Urchin, Green (Uni) – Canada

Green Sea Urchins, members of the phylum Echinodermata (“spiny skin”), are found in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. In the Pacific, their range extends from northern Washington State to the Aleutian Islands. Green Sea Urchins are prolific breeders and can live for 20-25 years. Along the coasts of northwest Canada, Green Sea Urchins are at […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sea Urchin, Red (Uni) – Canada

Red Sea Urchins, members of the phylum Echinodermata (“spiny skin”), are found along the North American Pacific coastline from Alaska to Cedros Island, in Baja California, Mexico. They can live for 50 to over 100 years, but they reproduce at a young age and release millions of eggs at a time. Along the coasts of northwest […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Seabass, White – U.S., Handline

White Seabass are found along the U.S. Pacific coast, growing over 1.5 m in length and 40 kg in weight. They grow at a moderate rate, may live for 25 years, and can produce millions of eggs each year. The U.S. commercial fishery for White Seabass occurs in Californian waters, where abundance of White Seabass […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Shrimp (Coonstripe, Northern, Sidestripe, and Spot) – Alaska

Several species of shrimp are caught in Alaska, including Coonstripe Shrimp, Northern Shrimp, Sidestripe shrimp, and Spot Shrimp or Prawns. Abundance is generally unknown but management regulations are in place to control fishing on these species. Northern and Sidestripe Shrimp are caught with trawls, which can damage animals that live on the seafloor, but management […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Shrimp, Spot – British Columbia, Canada

The Spot Shrimp (or Spot Prawn) is a large shrimp, reaching over 23 cm (9 in.) in total length, found throughout the North Pacific Ocean. Spot Shrimp have a short life span, beginning life as males and transitioning to females at age 3 or 4. The British Columbia Spot Shrimp commercial fishery is the largest […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Skate, Longnose – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

The Longnose Skate is found along the Pacific Coast of North America. Like other skates, its biology makes it vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, the fisheries that catch Longnose Skate off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington) are well-managed, and abundance of Longnose Skate is above the target level. They are caught using bottom […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Smelt, Rainbow – Lake Erie (Canada)

Rainbow smelt is an invasive species in the Great Lakes region. It was first introduced to the Great Lakes in the 1930’s. It is a short-lived, rapidly growing fish and is prey for many larger species. Management of Rainbow Smelt in the Great Lakes is complicated. Rainbow Smelt are having negative impacts on native forage […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Smelt, Rainbow – Lake Huron (Canada)

Rainbow smelt is an invasive species in the Great Lakes region. It was first introduced to the Great Lakes in the 1930’s. It is a short-lived, rapidly growing fish and is prey for many larger species. Management of Rainbow Smelt in the Great Lakes is complicated. Rainbow Smelt are having negative impacts on native forage […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Smelt, Rainbow – Lake Superior, Pound Net

Rainbow smelt is an invasive species in the Great Lakes region. It was first introduced to the Great Lakes in the 1930’s. It is a short-lived, rapidly growing fish and is prey for many larger species. Management of Rainbow Smelt in the Great Lakes is complicated. Rainbow Smelt are having negative impacts on native forage […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Snapper, Lane – Hook & lineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Lane Snapper are found in the Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina and Bermuda to southern Brazil, and throughout the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean region. They reach a maximum size of 60 cm and can live for 19 years.Lane Snapper spawn offshore during summer and can produce hundreds of thousands of eggs. The abundance of […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sole, Butter – Alaska

Butter Sole is a moderately long-lived flatfish, found from the Bering Sea and eastern Aleutian Islands to southern California. In Alaska, Butter Sole is at a healthy abundance and fishing levels are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Bottom trawls are used to catch Butter Sole. Bottom trawling for Butter Sole takes place […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sole, Dover – U.S. PacificA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Dover Sole is a long-lived flatfish caught by bottom trawling along the Pacific coast of the U.S. and Canada. Dover Sole are found from the Bering Sea and eastern Aleutian Islands to central Baja California. The abundance of Dover Sole off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington) and Alaska is above target levels and […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sole, English – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

English Sole is a moderately long-lived flatfish, found from the Bering Sea and eastern Aleutian Islands to central Baja California. It is a commercially important species off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington). The abundance of English Sole is above target levels and fishing levels on English Sole are sustainable. Management of  this fishery is […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sole, Flathead – AlaskaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Flathead Sole is a long-lived flatfish, found from the Bering Sea and eastern Aleutian Islands to northern California. The abundance of Flathead Sole off Alaska is above target levels and fishing levels on Flathead Sole are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Bottom trawls are used to catch Flathead Sole. Bottom trawling for […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sole, Petrale – California Groundfish Collective

Petrale Sole are a commercially important Pacific groundfish species. Petrale Sole grow at a moderate rate and can live for over 30 years. Petrale Sole are no longer considered depleted, and are rebuilding toward the target abundance level. Petrale Sole are caught by bottom trawling, which can cause high damage to bottom ocean habitats. However, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sole, Rex – U.S. Pacific

Rex Sole is a moderately long-lived flatfish, found from the Bering Sea to southern California. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington) and Alaska, the abundance of Rex Sole is above target levels and fishing levels on Rex Sole are sustainable. Management of  this fishery is highly effective. Rex Sole are caught by bottom […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sole, Rock – AlaskaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Southern and Northern Rock Soles are commercially important Pacific groundfish. Rock Soles grow at a moderate rate and can live up to 30 years. The abundance of Rock Sole off Alaska is above target levels and fishing levels on Rock Sole are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Bottom trawls are used to […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Sole, Yellowfin – AlaskaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Yellowfin Sole is a commercially important Pacific groundfish. Yellowfin Sole grows at a slow rate and can live for 31 years. The abundance of Yellowfin Sole off Alaska is above target levels and fishing levels on Yellowfin Sole are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Bottom trawling for Yellowfin Sole takes place over […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Squid, Argentine (Ika)

Argentine Squid constitute much of the US imported squid supply. They reproduce and die quickly, often within one year, a lifecycle that potentially buffers them from heavy fishing pressure.Changes in environmental conditions influence their population sizes from year-to-year. South American and Asian distant-water jigging vessels dominate the fishery, which mainly occurs off the coasts of […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Swordfish – Harpoon, HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Swordfish are large, migratory fish found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast and mature quickly. Although harpoons and handlines are used infrequently in the commercial swordfish fisheries, these catch methods result in little to no bycatch. This makes harpoon- and handline-caught swordfish from well-managed fisheries […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Swordfish – U.S. Atlantic, Buoy GearThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Swordfish are large, migratory fish found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast and mature quickly. In the Atlantic Ocean, swordfish are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. Buoy gear was developed to reduce bycatch of vulnerable species that is typical […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Tilefish, Golden – U.S. Mid AtlanticThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Golden Tilefish are found along the Atlantic coast of North America, throughout the Gulf of Mexico, and down to the northern coast of South America. It is a long-lived and slow growing deep-water species, that builds and lives in burrows on the bottom of the ocean floor. Golden Tilefish are ecologically important because they modify and […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Tilefish, Golden – U.S. South AtlanticThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Golden Tilefish are found along the Atlantic coast of North America, throughout the Gulf of Mexico, and down to the northern coast of South America. It is a long-lived and slow growing deep-water species, that builds and lives in burrows on the bottom of the ocean floor. Golden Tilefish are ecologically important because they modify and […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Trout, Lake – Lake Superior (Minnesota)

Lake Trout is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. It was once an important top predator in the Great Lakes ecosystem. Unfortunately, heavy fishing combined with high levels of predation by the exotic sea lamprey caused this species to decline to low levels during the mid 20th century. Today, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Trout, Speckled – Florida and LouisianaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Speckled Trout grow fast, reach sexual maturity after their first year, and spawn millions of eggs over several months, all of which are favorable life history characteristics. Contrary to the name, Speckled Trout are not a trout species, instead being related to drums. Speckled Trout are mostly caught in the Gulf of Mexico, where most […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Tuna, Albacore (Bin’naga maguro) – North Pacific (U.S, Canada, Japan), Pole & TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. In the North Pacific, the abundance of Albacore Tuna is high and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. The U.S., Canada, and Japan all have moderately effective management in place. Fishing with pole and troll gear is highly selective, resulting in minimal […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – North Atlantic, Pole & TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. The abundance of Albacore Tuna is low in both the North and South Atlantic Ocean. However, fishing levels on Albacore Tuna in the North Atlantic are sustainable. Management is moderately effective. Fishing with pole and troll gear is highly selective, resulting in minimal […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – South Pacific, Pole & TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. In the South Pacific, the abundance of Albacore Tuna is high and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. Management is moderately effective. Fishing with pole and troll gear is highly selective, resulting in minimal catches of non-target species. This type of gear also […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Eastern Pacific, Pole & trollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Eastern Pacific, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Fishing with pole and troll is […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Walleye – Red LakesThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Walleye are a fast growing freshwater fish found throughout the northern part of North America, including the Red Lakes. Walleye populations in the Red Lakes crashed in the mid-1990’s, ending commercial fishing in 1997. However, through cooperative management and recovery plans, commercial fishing opened up again in 2006, well ahead of schedule. Walleye populations are […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Whitefish, Lake – Lake Michigan (Wisconsin), Trap Net

Lake Whitefish is a fast growing freshwater fish that can reach a length of three feet, a weight of roughly 42 pounds, and live for 50 years.  Lake Whitefish are found throughout the Great Lakes and are the main commercial fish species there. The abundance of Lake Whitefish has varied over time. Currently, the abundance […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Wreckfish – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Wreckfish are a slow growing, long-lived species of fish found along rocky slopes in temperate waters throughout the Atlantic Ocean and in parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. In the U.S., most fishing for Wreckfish occurs on the Blake Plateau, off South Carolina and Georgia. The abundance of Wreckfish in U.S. waters is unknown, […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Yellowtail, California – Isla Natividad Mexico, Handline (Hiramasa)

California Yellowtail are found and caught commercially off California and Baja California, Mexico. They reach sexual maturity at an early age, but are relatively slow growing and known to form spawning aggregations. This rating is for the California Yellowtail fishery in Isla Natividad, Mexico managed by the Buzos y Pescadores de Baja California fishing cooperative. […]
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Species is relatively abundant, and fishing methods cause little damage to habitat and other wildlife.
Yellowtail, California – U.S. California, Handline (Hiramasa)

California Yellowtail are found and caught commercially off California and Baja California, Mexico. They reach sexual maturity at an early age, but are relatively slow growing and known to form spawning aggregations Catches of California Yellowtail have fluctuated greatly over the years, tending to be greater during El Nino events when waters are warmer and […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Amberjack, Greater (Kanpachi) – U.S., Handline

Greater Amberjack are found in subtropical regions with circumglobal distribution and in the Western Atlantic, range from Nova Scotia southward through the Caribbean to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico. Greater Amberjack grow quickly, reaching sexual maturity at a young age of 1 year and have very high fecundity. Greater Amberjack exhibit schooling behavior as […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Anchovy, European – Adriatic Sea

European Anchovy are small, pelagic schooling fish (meaning they swim in groups near the surface) found throughout the eastern Atlantic Ocean and its associated seas. In the Adriatic Sea [a sea in the north-central Mediterranean], the abundance and fishing levels of European Anchovy are uncertain. The fisheries that target Anchovy also target Sardine and catch […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Bass, Chilean Sea – South Georgia and Kerguelen IslandsA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Patagonian Toothfish, more commonly known as Chilean Sea Bass, are widely distributed in the Southern Hemisphere south of 40°S latitude. It is a long-lived species that is thought to reach 50 years in age. Sexual maturity is reached between 6-12 years and fecundity is moderate. Due to its high commercial value, Patagonian Toothfish has been […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Bass, Striped (Suzuki) – U.S., Gillnets & Pound NetsThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Striped Bass are a moderately growing, long-lived fish found along the Atlantic Coast of the U.S. and Canada. Since the collapse of the Striped Bass fishery in the 1980s, numbers have gradually increased due to successful management, and today Striped Bass have a high abundance throughout much of their range. Striped Bass are an important […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Bluefish – U.S., Bottom Trawls & GillnetsThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Although mostly caught by recreational fishers, commercial Bluefish fishers also bring this species to market. High population growth combined with good fisheries management has seen Bluefish abundance increase over the last decade to healthy levels. Most Bluefish are caught with gillnets, but also with bottom trawls and handlines. Gillnets sometimes entangle vulnerable species like marine […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Bluenose – New Zealand, Bottom Longlines

Bluenose (or Antarctic Butterfish) is a large fish, growing to over 50 kg, found in temperate waters of New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and South America. They are particularly vulnerable to fishing pressure because they are long lived, mature late, and exhibit schooling and spawning aggregation behaviors that make them easy to catch. Bluenose sold […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Bluenose – New Zealand, Midwater Trawls

Bluenose (or Antarctic Butterfish) is a large fish, growing to over 50 kg, found in temperate waters of New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and South America. They are particularly vulnerable to fishing pressure because they are long lived, mature late, and exhibit schooling and spawning aggregation behaviors that make them easy to catch. Bluenose sold […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Cabezon – U.S. West Coast, Handline

Cabezon is a sculpin, found along the Pacific coast of North America. It is caught in coastal handline fisheries for rockfish in California, Oregon, and Washington. Cabezon are likely at a healthy abundance level and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. Although handline fisheries typically have low impacts on other species, this fishery catches […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Capelin (Masago, Smelt Roe) – Canada

Capelin is a small, schooling species that lives in cold waters. They are found in the northern Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, with their range extending to the waters around the North Pole. Capelin grow fast, reproducing at 2-3 years of age, and then they die. In the Canadian Atlantic, the abundance of Capelin relative to […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Clam, Atlantic Surf (Hokkigai) – U.S.

Atlantic Surf Clams are filter feeding bivalves, found from Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada to North Carolina. Regulations have prevented overfishing and promoted abundance, however biomass estimates have continually dropped since 1997. Atlantic Surf Clams reproduce at about two years of age. They can be long-lived (~ 40 years maximum). The Surf Clam fishery is […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Clam, Ocean Quahog – U.S. Atlantic

The Ocean Quahog is one of the longest-lived and slowest-growing clams in the world, which makes them vulnerable to fishing pressure. They have an average maximum age of 114 years. However, the U.S. Atlantic Ocean Quahog population is currently at a healthy abundance level. The Ocean Quahog  fishery is a very ‘clean’ fishery with limited bycatch […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Cod, Atlantic – U.S. Georges Bank, Handline

Atlantic Cod are a species of groundfish that can live more than 20 years. They are found throughout the North Atlantic, and have been heavily fished for centuries driving some populations to historic low levels. In the U.S. Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank, the abundance of Atlantic Cod is low. While management efforts in […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Cod, Pacific – British Columbia

Pacific Cod is a relatively fast growing fish that can produce several hundred thousand eggs per year. They are found in coastal waters of the North Pacific Ocean, from the Bering Sea to southern California in the east and to the Sea of Japan in the west. In British Columbia, Pacific Cod are moderately abundant. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Cod, Pacific – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Pacific Cod is a relatively fast growing fish that can produce several hundred thousand eggs per year. They are found in coastal waters of the North Pacific Ocean, from the Bering Sea to southern California in the east and to the Sea of Japan in the west. The abundance level of Pacific off the U.S. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Corvina Drum

Corvina Drum is a popular fish in South America, but little information exists on its biology, abundance or fishery. They are found from Peru to Chile and around the Galapagos Islands, and are caught by hook and line, longline and gillnets. The abundance of Corvina Drum is not known but their landings have decreased over […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Blue (Kani) – U.S., Pots

Blue Crabs mature early and carry their eggs for a short period of time, making them more resilient to fishing pressure than other crab species. In the U.S., abundance of Blue Crabs is at moderate to healthy levels. Blue Crabs are managed by individual states and management has improved in recent years to ensure the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Blue Swimmer – Queensland, Pot

Blue Swimmer Crab is a tropical species found in estuaries and inshore marine waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region. This species grows quickly, reaches sexual maturity around age one, and lives for three to four years. In Queensland, the abundance of Blue Swimmer Crab is uncertain, but several management regulations are in place to control fishing levels. Fishermen […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Blue Swimmer – South Australia (Gulf St.Vincent), Pot

Blue Swimmer Crab is a tropical species found in estuaries and inshore marine waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region. This species grows quickly, reaches sexual maturity around age one, and lives for three to four years. In South Australia there are two main fishing areas for Blue Swimmer Crab: Spencer Gulf and Gulf St. Vincent. Blue Swimmer Crab abundance […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Blue Swimmer – Western Australia (Cockburn Sound & Shark Bay), Pot

Blue Swimmer Crab is a tropical species found in estuaries and inshore marine waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region. This species grows quickly, reaches sexual maturity around age one, and lives for three to four years. In Western Australia there are three main fishing areas for Blue Swimmer Crab: Cockburn Sound, Peel-Harvey Estuary, and Shark Bay. Blue Swimmer Crab abundance […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Brown – UK

Brown Crabs are found, and commercially fished, along the west coast of Europe, including the United Kingdom. They grow at moderate rates by repeatedly moulting their shell and reach sexual maturity at 4 to 7 years of age. The abundance of Brown Crabs is mostly unknown throughout much of their range. Abundance in some UK […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Dungeness – U.S. and Canada.A fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Dungeness Crabs live in shallow coastal waters from Alaska to Mexico and are named after the Dungeness Spit along the south (U.S.) shore of the Straits of Juan de Fuca. Dungeness Crabs have a short life cycle and become sexually mature after two years. The crabs typically mate in the spring, and the mating process […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Jonah – Canada

Jonah Crabs are found at depths ranging from 1 to 800 m along the Atlantic coast of North America. Population abundance, growth rate, and time to sexual maturity are unknown, but males grow larger than females and are more frequently found in deeper water. Jonah Crabs are commercially harvested in the both American Lobster fisheries […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, King (Kani) – U.S.

In the U.S., there are three commercial King Crab species – Red, Blue and Golden King Crab – all caught in Alaskan waters. King Crabs typically mature around 5-7 years of age and can have a leg span of 6 feet. Most King Crab populations are at healthy levels of abundance and not considered overfished. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Pacific Rock

Rock Crabs are found along the Pacific coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico on rocky reefs and soft substrate. They are short-lived and fast growing animals. This report evaluates the Oregon and California rock crab fisheries for three species: Red, Brown, and Yellow (California only) Rock Crabs. Abundance of Rock Crabs is unknown […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Snow (Kani) – Eastern Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Snow Crabs become sexually mature around four years and can produce hundreds of thousands of eggs. The Snow Crab population in Eastern Nova Scotia is at a healthy abundance level, while Snow Crab abundance in Newfoundland and Labrador is uncertain. Pots, which moderately impact the seafloor, are the only fishing equipment used to catch Snow […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crab, Tanner (Kani) – U.S. and Canada

Tanner Crabs become sexually mature around six years of age and can produce hundreds of thousands of eggs. The Tanner Crab fisheries, once classified as overfished, are in the process of rebuilding and effective management is in place. Pots, which moderately impact the seafloor, are the only fishing equipment used to catch  Tanner Crabs. Bycatch […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Crayfish / Crawfish – Louisiana

Crayfish (or crawfish) are found and caught worldwide in freshwater swamps, marshes and slow flowing rivers. They are short-lived and fast growing animals. This report evaluates the wild caught crayfish fishery in Louisiana’s Atchafalaya Basin using baited crayfish traps. The abundance and fishing level of crayfish in the Atchafalaya Basin is unknown, since no population […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Dogfish, Spiny – British Columbia, Bottom LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Spiny Dogfish is a widely distributed small shark, found in temperate waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. In the Pacific, they are found from the Bering Sea to Baja California. Like other sharks, they are slow growing, long-lived, and have low reproductive rates, which makes them vulnerable to high fishing pressure. However, the Spiny […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Drum, Black- U.S. Gulf of Mexico

Black Drum is a large, shallow water species, growing up to 1.2 m (4 ft) in length and 54 kg (120 lbs) in weight. They are found in the western Atlantic from Canada to Argentina, including the Gulf of Mexico. Black Drum grows at slow to moderate rates, becomes sexually mature around 5 years and […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Drum, Red

Red Drum is large fish, growing up to 1.5 m (5 ft) in length, found in the western Atlantic, including the Gulf of Mexico, from the central U.S. to northern Mexico. They are long-lived, but become sexually mature at a relatively early age. Commercial fishing for Red Drum is prohibited in federal and most state […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Flounder, Arrowtooth – British Columbia

Arrowtooth Flounder is a moderately long-lived flatfish, found from northern California to the Bering Sea. In British Columbia, the abundance of Arrowtooth Flounder is uncertain. Arrowtooth flounder are caught by bottom trawling, which can be environmentally destructive to the hard bottom habitats that Arrowtooth Flounder are found over. However, there are a some spatial restrictions in place […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Flounder, Arrowtooth – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Arrowtooth Flounder is a moderately long-lived flatfish, found from northern California to the Bering Sea.  Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), abundance of Arrowtooth Flounder is above target levels and fishing levels on Arrowtooth Flounder are sustainable. Management of this fishery is highly effective. Arrowtooth flounder are caught by bottom trawling, which can be environmentally […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Flounder, Summer – U.S. Atlantic

Summer flounder inhabit estuarine and coastal waters off the northeast east coast of the US, from the Gulf of Maine to South Carolina. Summer flounder mature early, produce many eggs and spawn often over the spawning season. The Summer Flounder population was once overfished but has now rebuilt to healthy abundance levels. In the commercial […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Flounder, Windowpane – U.S. Southern New England and Mid Atlantic

Windowpane Flounder are a fast growing species of flatfish found in the Northwest Atlantic from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to Florida. Windowpane Flounder populations in southern New England and the Mid-Atlantic are healthy and are currently fished at an appropriate level. Most Windowpane Flounder are caught by bottom trawls, which damage bottom habitats and […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Flounder, Winter – U.S. Gulf of Maine, Georges Bank, Southern New England

Winter Flounder is a fast growing flatfish, distributed along the Atlantic coast from Labrador to North Carolina. They are typically found in inshore bays and estuaries in the winter and deeper waters in the summer. There are three managed populations of Winter Flounder – Georges Bank, Gulf of Maine and southern New England/Mid-Atlantic Bight. The […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Flounder, Yellowtail – U.S. Southern New England and Mid AtlanticA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Yellowtail Flounder is a fast growing flatfish that produces many young and reaches a maximum size of 22 inches and 2 lbs. Yellowtail Flounder occur in the Northwest Atlantic from northern Newfoundland to the lower part of the Chesapeake Bay. The Yellowtail Flounder populations in southern New England and the Mid-Atlantic regions are currently at […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Greenling, Kelp – U.S. West Coast, Handline

Kelp Greenling is a caught in coastal handline fisheries for rockfish in California, Oregon, and Washington, but is most commonly found further north in Alaska. The abundance of Kelp Greenling is unknown. Although handline fisheries typically have low impacts on other species, this fishery catches some depleted species. Full species report here.
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Grenadier, Pacific and Giant – U.S. California, Oregon, Washington

Grenadiers, also called rattails, are found in deep ocean waters. They have large heads, a slender body, and a very thin tail. There are limited markets for Pacific and Giant Grenadiers, but some are caught and retained in U.S. West Coast groundfish bottom trawl and bottom longline fisheries. While these bottom gears can be environmentally […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Grouper, Black – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

In the U.S., Black Grouper are found from Massachusetts to Texas but the majority of Black Grouper are caught in South Florida. They are found in shallower waters than other grouper species. Black Grouper only accounts for about 1% of the U.S. grouper catch. Black Grouper can grow to 220 lbs. and change sex from female […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Grouper, Gag – U.S. Gulf of Mexico, HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Gag Grouper is found in the western Atlantic from Massachusetts to southern Brazil. In U.S. waters, there are two Gag Grouper populations: South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. Gag Grouper caught with handlines in the Gulf of Mexico account for 5% of all U.S. grouper catches. Gag Grouper are protogynous hermaphrodites beginning their lives as females […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Grouper, Hawaiian (Hapu’upu’u) – HawaiiThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Hawaiian Grouper is a large-bodied, long-lived grouper, found only in waters off the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll. These traits make them highly vulnerable to fishing pressure. In Hawaii, Hawaiian Grouper are caught in a mixed fishery with six deep water snappers, which collectively are called the Hawaii Deep 7 Bottomfish complex. These species are managed through annual […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Grouper, Red – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Red Grouper are found in the western Atlantic from Massachusetts to southern Brazil but are most commonly found along the west coast of Florida to the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. Red Grouper account for 73% of all U.S. grouper catches. Red Grouper begin life as females and transition to males between 7 and 16 years […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Haddock – U.S. Georges BankThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

In the U.S. Georges Bank, Haddock have recovered to have a healthy abundance level, after being depleted from many years of overfishing. Most Haddock are caught using habitat-damaging bottom trawls but also with bottom longlines and handlines. All fishing methods catch several species in addition to Haddock and some of these species are depleted or at […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Hake, SilverThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Silver Hake is a fast-growing cod-like-fish found from Newfoundland to South Carolina. Two populations occur in U.S. waters, with the northern population having medium abundance while the southern population has low abundance. The U.S. populations are managed by the New England Fishery Management Council under a small mesh multispecies management plan. The Hake fishery off […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Hake, White – U.S. Atlantic

White Hake is a bottom-dwelling fish species (or ‘groundfish’) typically found in the Atlantic Ocean from Cape Hatteras to southern Labrador and are primarily caught using three types of gear; bottom longline, bottom trawl, and bottom gillnet. White Hake in the U.S. Atlantic were once depleted, but have now recovered to a healthy abundance level. They […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Halibut, California (Hirame) – U.S. Pacific, Bottom Trawl and GillnetThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

California Halibut is a flatfish found along the Pacific coast of North America, primarily from central California to southern Baja California, Mexico. They grow slowly, may live for 30 years, and generally become sexually mature within four years. The abundance of California Halibut varies within California, being high in the central region and at a […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Herring, Atlantic – U.S., Mid-water Trawl

Atlantic Herring are found along the Atlantic coast of North America from Labrador to Cape Hatteras. They mature at 2–4 years and can live 15–18 years. Herring support a substantial bait industry for lobster, blue crab and tuna fisheries. They are also sold as steaks, kippers and are one of many species sold in the U.S. as […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Herring, Pacific – British Columbia

Pacific Herring are found in coastal waters throughout the North Pacific from Southern California to Korea. Herring are caught for their roe, spawn on kelp, food and bait products. Off the coast of British Columbia, the abundance of Pacific Herring varies among areas. In some areas, there is concern as to whether fishing levels are sustainable. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Lingcod – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Lingcod, which aren’t actually related to cod, are found along the west coast of North America and live on the ocean bottom. Males can be especially sedentary, establishing territories before spawning and guarding fertilized eggs until they hatch. Lingcod were once depleted, but are now considered rebuilt. Most commercially caught Lingcod are taken along with other […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Lingcod – U.S. West Coast, Nearshore HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Lingcod, which aren’t actually related to cod, are found along the west coast of North America and live on the ocean bottom. Males can be especially sedentary, establishing territories before spawning and guarding fertilized eggs until they hatch. Lingcod were once depleted, but are now considered rebuilt. Fishing levels on the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Lobster, American – U.S. Georges Bank, U.S. Gulf of Maine & CanadaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

American Lobsters are found off the Atlantic coast of North America from Newfoundland to Virginia. They can grow to a large size of 18kg (40lbs) and reach sexual maturity between 5-10 years old. In the U.S., the abundance of American Lobster varies between regions. The Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank  populations are at healthy […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Lobster, California Spiny – U.S. CaliforniaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

The California Spiny Lobster fishery is a small but locally important  fishery in southern California. Abundance of Spiny Lobsters off California varies with broad-scale changes in environmental conditions caused by El Nino and La Nina. Overall abundance appears stable and management of the fishery is moderately effective. Fishermen use traps to catch Spiny Lobster. There […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Lobster, Caribbean Spiny – BahamasThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Caribbean Spiny Lobsters grow fast, are highly fecund (very fertile), and can live up to 20 years. In the Bahamas, the Caribbean Spiny Lobster population is stable. Fishing occurs with traps and by diving with the use of casitas (shelters) and/or SCUBA gear. The fishing methods are highly selective, resulting in minimal catches of non-target […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Lobster, Caribbean Spiny – U.S. FloridaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Caribbean Spiny Lobsters grow fast, are highly fecund (very fertile), and can live up to 20 years. All U.S. catches of Caribbean Spiny Lobster occur in Florida. The abundance of Caribbean Spiny Lobster in Florida is uncertain, but the fishery is well-managed. However the pots or traps used to catch them may damage the hard […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Lobster, Norway – Kattegat, Skagerrak, & Bay of Biscay (France), Bottom Trawl

Norway Lobster are found throughout the Northeast Atlantic, from Iceland south to Morocco. They live in burrows in muddy or sandy habitats. There are many different Norway Lobster populations. The fishing level on the Norway Lobster population in Kattegat and Skagerrak is sustainable, and abundance appears stable. Abundance and fishing levels are uncertain for the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Lobster, Norway – Trap or Creel

Norway Lobster are found throughout the Northeast Atlantic, from Iceland south to Morocco. They live in burrows in muddy or sandy habitats. There are many different Norway Lobster populations. While most Norway Lobster are caught with bottom trawls, a small amount are caught with traps or creels in Kattegat, Skagerrak, and West Scotland. The trap fisheries […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Mackerel, Atlantic (Saba) – U.S., Trawl

Atlantic Mackerel are fast swimmers found throughout the Atlantic Ocean that mature within 3 years. In U.S. waters, the current abundance of Atlantic Mackerel is uncertain. Mackerel play an important role in the ecosystem, providing food for a variety of larger fish, such as sharks, bluefin tuna, and marine mammals. In the U.S. most Atlantic Mackerel […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Mackerel, King – U.S. Gulf of Mexico, HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

King Mackerel inhabit coastal waters along the Eastern seaboard of the U.S.. They were overfished in the mid-1980s, but have rebounded to achieve high abundance today. Conservative management measures now govern the fisheries for King Mackerel. The handline gear used to catch King Mackerel does not typically contact bottom habitats. However, in the Gulf of Mexico handline […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Mackerel, Spanish (Sawara) – U.S. Gulf of Mexico, HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Spanish Mackerel inhabit coastal waters along the Eastern seaboard of the U.S.. They have have recovered from years of overfishing to achieve high abundance today. They are important to recreational as well as commercial fishers. The handline gear used to catch Spanish Mackerel does not typically contact bottom habitats. However, in the Gulf of Mexico […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Mahimahi – Ecuador, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Mahimahi produce many eggs, grow quickly, and reach sexual maturity at a young age, making them resilient to fishing pressure. No formal population assessments have been completed in any region, so their current population sizes are not known. Mahimahi are caught by a variety of fishing gears including longlines. This type of fishing also captures […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Mahimahi – U.S., LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Mahimahi produce many eggs, grow quickly, and reach sexual maturity at a young age, making them resilient to fishing pressure. No formal population assessments have been completed in any region, so their current population sizes are not known. Mahimahi are caught by a variety of fishing gears including longlines. This type of fishing also captures […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Mahimahi – U.S. Hawaii and Imported, Pole and TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Fast-growing and short-lived, Mahimahi populations can potentially withstand high fishing pressure. No formal population assessments have been done in any region, however, so their overall abundance is unknown. Pole-and-line and troll fishing methods typically result in low levels of bycatch. However in some fisheries, there are concerns about targeted catches of tuna species that are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Marlin, Blue – HawaiiThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Blue Marlin is a large pelagic species, found in tropical and temperate waters worldwide. This assessment is for Blue Marlin caught in the U.S. Hawaii fishery only. Blue Marlin mature early, produce many eggs, and grow fast, reaching sizes up to 450 cm and 900 kg.  The last population assessment for Blue Marlin in the Pacific […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Monkfish (Anko, Ankimo) – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Monkfish grow slowly but mature quickly and are typically found in dense aggregations (large groups) on mud and sand bottoms along the Atlantic coast of the U.S. and Canada. They were traditionally caught as bycatch and discarded until the 1980s when market demand first grew in Asia and Europe, and later in North America. Monkfish […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Mullet, Red – Northeast Atlantic, Gillnet Caught

Red Mullet are found in the Northeast Atlantic from the North Sea to the northwestern coast of Africa, as well in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. They are short lived, with a maximum life span of 10 years, and reach sexual maturity at 1-2 years of age. In the Northeast Atlantic, Red Mullet are primarily […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Octopus, Common (Tako) – Spain and Portugal, Pot and Trap-caughtThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Common Octopus are wide-ranging and have short lifespans. In Spain and Portugal, the abundance of the Common Octopus is uncertain, but likely stable. In Spain and Portugal, Common Octopus are caught with pots and traps, and also with bottom trawls in mixed-species fisheries. The pot and trap fisheries catch low amounts of non-target species and […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Octopus, Day – HawaiiThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

The Day Octopus ranges across the tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific region, from Hawaii to East Africa, and is the most common octopus found in Hawaii. It is called the Day Octopus because it is active during daylight hours. The Day Octopus lives for approximately one year, and females can produce high numbers of eggs. The […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Octopus, Night – HawaiiThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

The Night Octopus ranges across the tropical Western Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is called the Night Octopus because it is active at night, hiding inside the reef during the day. The Night Octopus is fast growing, short-lived and females can produce large numbers of eggs. The commercial octopus fishery is the largest invertebrate fishery […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Opah – HawaiiThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Opah is a pelagic species of fish (swims near the surface) found throughout all tropical and temperate oceans. It can grow to six and a half feet in length, approximately 550 pounds in weight, and may live for 11 years. Opah in the Pacific Ocean is probably at a medium level of abundance, however no […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Oyster, Eastern – U.S. Atlantic

Eastern Oysters are found along the eastern coast of North America, from Canada to Mexico, including the Gulf of Mexico and some Caribbean islands. They grow very quickly, reach sexual maturity within several months, and can release tens of millions of eggs each year. Population sizes of Eastern Oysters vary by region, being severely depleted […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Perch, Yellow – Lake Erie (Canada), Bottom GillnetThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish, found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to three years. In the Great Lakes region, the abundance of Yellow Perch has fluctuated over the years. Lake Erie has the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Perch, Yellow – Lake Erie (Ohio), Trap NetThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish, found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to three years. In the Great Lakes region, the abundance of Yellow Perch has fluctuated over the years. Lake Erie has the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Perch, Yellow – Lake HuronThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish, found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to three years. In the Great Lakes region, the abundance of Yellow Perch has fluctuated over the years. In Lake Huron, Yellow […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Perch, Yellow – Lake MichiganThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish, found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to three years. In the Great Lakes region, the abundance of Yellow Perch has fluctuated over the years. In Lake Michigan, the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Perch, Yellow – Lake Ontario (Canada)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish, found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to three years. In the Great Lakes region, the abundance of Yellow Perch has fluctuated over the years. In Lake Ontario, abundance […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Perch, Yellow – Lake SuperiorThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish, found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to three years. In the Great Lakes region, the abundance of Yellow Perch has fluctuated over the years. In Lake Superior, fishing […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Plaice, American – U.S.

American Plaice are flatfish that live on both sides of the Atlantic. They grow slowly, reach sexual maturity between three to seven years of age and can live to be 30. U.S. American Plaice populations are rebuilding and current fishing levels are appropriate. Most American Plaice are caught with bottom trawls, which damage seafloor habitat […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Pollock, Atlantic – U.S. and Canada

Pollock are found on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean but are more numerous and widespread in European than in American waters. They are fished in many places in their range.  Atlantic Pollock reach sexual maturity between three and eight years of age and can live for at least 20 years and grow at moderate […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Black – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), Black Rockfish is moderately abundant. Black Rockfish are caught with handlines in nearshore waters. This gear […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Black-and-Yellow – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, the Black-and-Yellow Rockfish is only moderately vulnerable to fishing pressure. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), the abundance of Black-and-Yellow Rockfish is uncertain. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Blackgill – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Blackspotted – Alaska Bering Sea Aleutian IslandsThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However Blackspotted Rockfish in Alaska are at a healthy abundance level and the fishery is well-managed. Blackspotted Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Blue – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), Blue Rockfish is moderately abundant. Blue Rockfish are caught with handlines in nearshore waters. This gear has […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Bocaccio – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Brown – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, the Black and Yellow Rockfish is only moderately vulnerable to fishing pressure. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), the abundance of Black and […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Canary – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However Canary Rockfish in British Columbia are at a healthy abundance level. Canary Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in British Columbia that limit the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Canary – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Chilipepper – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, China – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), fishing levels on China Rockfish are currently too high in the north, but are sustainable in the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Darkblotched – U.S. West Coast, Bottom TrawlThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Grass – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), the abundance of Grass Rockfish is uncertain, but fishing levels on this species are likely sustainable. Grass […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Greenstriped – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. The abundance of Greenstriped Rockfish in British Columbia is uncertain, but is increasing. Greenstriped Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in British Columbia that limit […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Greenstriped – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Longspine Thornyhead – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. In British Columbia, the abundance of Longspine Thornyhead is uncertain, but fishing levels on this species are low. Longspine Thornyhead are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Pacific Ocean Perch – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, Pacific Ocean Perch are moderately abundant in British Columbia. Pacific Ocean Perch are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in British Columbia that limit the use […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Pacific Ocean Perch – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Quillback – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. The abundance of Quillback Rockfish in British Columbia is uncertain, but fishing levels on this species are likely sustainable. Quillback Rockfish are caught with bottom longline, jig, and troll. These gears can cause some damage to bottom […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Rougheye – AlaskaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, Rougheye Rockfish in Alaska are at a healthy abundance level and the fishery is well-managed. Rougheye Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Rougheye – U.S. West Coast, Bottom TrawlThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Past heavy fishing depleted many Rockfish species, but effective management in recent years is helping many species to recover. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Shortraker – AlaskaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. In Alaska, the abundance of Shortraker Rockfish in uncertain in the Bering Sea, but is at a healthy level in the Gulf of Alaska. The fishery is well-managed. Shortraker Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Shortspine Thornyhead – AlaskaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, Shortspine Thornyhead in Alaska are moderately abundant and fishing levels on this species are likely sustainable. Shortspine Thornyhead are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Silvergrey – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, Silvergrey Rockfish in British Columbia is at a healthy abundance level. Silvergrey Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in British Columbia that limit the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Tiger – British Columbia (Inside Fishery)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are no recent assessments of Tiger Rockfish in British Columbia so its abundance is unknown. Tiger Rockfish are caught with bottom longlines, jig, and troll, which have low impacts on bottom ocean habitats. There are two management […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Vermilion – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

There are over 70 species of Rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast. Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington), the abundance of Vermilion Rockfish is uncertain but fishing levels on this species are likely sustainable. Vermilion […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Yelloweye – British Columbia (Inside Fishery)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are two management areas for Yelloweye Rockfish in British Columbia; the inside area (waters between Vancouver Island and the mainland) and the outside area (remainder of the coast). The inside population is depleted but fishing levels […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Yellowmouth – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, Yellowmouth Rockfish in British Columbia is at a healthy abundance level. Yellowmouth Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in British Columbia that limit the use […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Rockfish, Yellowtail – British Columbia (Inside Fishery)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are two management areas for Yellowtail Rockfish in British Columbia; the inside area (waters between Vancouver Island and the mainland) and the outside area (remainder of the coast). The abundance of the Yellowtail Rockfish is uncertain, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sablefish – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Sablefish is a moderately growing, long-lived species that is found in deep waters of the Pacific Ocean, from northern Alaska to Baja California. In British Columbia, Sablefish are caught primarily with bottom longlines and trawls. Bottom trawls can be environmentally destructive; however there are a number of spatial restrictions in place that limit the use of […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sablefish – U.S. West Coast, Bottom Trawl and LonglineA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.
These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Sablefish is a moderately growing, long-lived species that is found in deep waters of the Pacific Ocean, from northern Alaska to Baja California. Off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington) Sablefish abundance is currently at a medium level, but is declining. Fishing levels on Sablefish have fluctuated around sustainable levels in recent years. Sablefish […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Salmon (Sake, Ikura) – U.S. California, Oregon, and Washington, Gillnet, Purse Seine and Troll

Five species of Salmon – Chum, Chinook (AKA King Salmon), Coho, Pink, and Sockeye – are found in the waters off Washington, Oregon and California. All five species spawn in freshwater, spend part of their life in the ocean and then return to freshwater to spawn. Sexual maturity is reached between two to seven years […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Salmon, Chum – British Columbia, CanadaA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Chum Salmon is an anadromous fish, meaning it migrates from freshwaters to ocean waters to feed for several years and then back to freshwaters to reproduce. They are found in the North Pacific Ocean, with many distinct reproductive populations occurring along the coasts of North America and Asia. They reach sexual maturity between 3-5 years […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Salmon, Coho (Sake, Ikura) – British Columbia, Canada

Coho Salmon are a fast-growing fish found throughout the North Pacific, and in British Columbia, Canada they are found in most coastal streams and rivers. After spending 18 months at sea, adult Coho Salmon return to the stream in which they hatched to spawn and subsequently die. Survival of juvenile Coho Salmon in the ocean […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Salmon, King (Sake, Ikura) – BC

Chinook Salmon, also known as King Salmon, are the largest of the Pacific Salmon species, reaching weights of approximately 132 pounds and becoming sexually mature around four years of age. Found throughout the North Pacific, Chinook Salmon complete large migrations of up to 1000 miles to return to their birth river, where they spawn and […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Salmon, Sockeye – Fraser River, Washington (summer and late runs), Reefnet

A small reefnet fishery for Sockeye Salmon occurs in the Fraser River around Lummi and San Juan Islands, Washington State. A reefnet is a native tribal method, that’s been adapted for commercial fishing. The fishing gear is carried between two boats and acts as artificial reefs that direct salmon into the net. Summer-run Sockeye in the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sardine, Atlantic (Iwashi) – East Atlantic (excluding the Mediterranean Sea)

Sardines are a pelagic, schooling fish (meaning they swim in groups near the surface) which grow fast and become sexually mature within two years. Sardines are an important commercial species in the eastern Atlantic, off the European and African coasts. Total annual catch is approximately 1 million tons, with many populations having low levels of abundance […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Scad, Big-Eye (Akule) – Hawaii, Handline

Big-eye Scad is a small schooling species found in tropical waters around the globe. In Hawaii, the fishery for Big-eye Scad is one of the most productive near-shore fisheries. Current abundance and fishing levels for Big-eye Scad in Hawaii are unknown. However, some management measures are in place for this species and there is no indication they […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Scad, Mackerel (Opelu) – Hawaii, Handline

Mackerel Scad is a small schooling fish found in tropical waters around the globe. In Hawaii, the fishery for Mackerel Scad is one of the most productive near-shore fisheries. Current abundance and fishing levels for Mackerel Scad in Hawaii are unknown. However, some management measures are in place for this species and there is no indication […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Scallop, Bay

Bay Scallops are found in shallow estuaries and bays along the US Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts. They typically live for 2 years, and become sexually mature at 1 year. They are commercially fished in Massachusetts, New York and North Carolina, and are primarily caught using small dredges. These dredges are destructive to seafloor […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Scallop, Mexican Bay

Mexican Bay Scallops are distributed from Baja California, Mexico to Northern Peru, including both sides of the Baja California Peninsula. They grow quickly, reach sexual maturity around 6 months of age and produce many eggs. After heavy fishing pressure that caused numbers to drop considerably, Mexican Bay Scallops are thought to be at healthy levels […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Scallop, Peruvian Calico

The Peruvian Calico Scallop is a fast growing and short-lived marine bivalve, found in shallow waters. Peruvian Calico Scallop abundance and landings are highly variable and correlated to El Nino Southern Oscillations cycles (ENSO). In southern Peru, biomass and landings increase greatly during ENSO events and then subsequently decline to low levels, whereas in northern […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Scallop, Queen

Queen Scallops are a fast growing, large marine bivalve found in the northeastern Atlantic from Norway to the Canary Islands, including the North, Irish, and Mediterranean Seas. The major fisheries for Queen Scallop are conducted by the United Kingdom, France, the Faroe Islands and the Isle of Man. In the Irish Sea around the Isle […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Scallop, Scottish King

The Scottish Scallop is a large marine bivalve found in the northeastern Atlantic from Norway to Spain. Scottish Scallops lie partly buried in the sediment on the seafloor, and are relatively fast growing and reach sexual maturity at an early age. They are commercially important throughout their range, but the majority of landings are taken […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Scallop, Sea (Hotate) – U.S. and Canadian Atlantic

Sea Scallops are typically found on sand and gravel bottoms. They grow quickly and mature at a young age, traits that make them resilient to fishing pressure In the U.S. Sea Scallops were once overfished but have since recovered, thanks to effective management. In Canada, Sea Scallops are also at a healthy abundance. Fishers use bottom […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Scup

Scup are primarily found in the northwest Atlantic from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to South Carolina. Scup have large migrations, moving from coastal waters in summer to offshore waters in winter. Scup reach sexual maturity between two to three years of age and spawn once a year between May and August. Fisheries management for Scup is […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sea Urchin, Red – California

Red Sea Urchins, members of the phylum Echinodermata (“spiny skin”), are found along the North American Pacific coastline from Alaska to Cedros Island, in Baja California, Mexico. They can live for 50 to over 100 years, but they reproduce at a young age and release millions of eggs at a time. Red Sea Urchins in California […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Seabass, White – U.S., Gillnet

White Seabass are found along the U.S. Pacific coast, growing over 1.5 m in length and 40 kg in weight. They grow at a moderate rate, may live for 25 years, and can produce millions of eggs each year. The U.S. commercial fishery for White Seabass occurs in Californian waters, where abundance of White Seabass […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Seabream, Black – France: English Channel, Mid-water trawl

Black Seabream are found in the northeast Atlantic from Norway south to the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands. This species is primarily consumed in Europe. Black Seabream are hermaphrodites, first maturing as a female at 2-3 years old, and later changing sex to male. In the English Channel, Black Seabream are caught by France and the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Seabream, Black – UK: English Channel, Handline & Gillnet

Black Seabream are found in the northeast Atlantic from Norway south to the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands. This species is primarily consumed in Europe. Black Seabream are hermaphrodites, first maturing as a female at 2-3 years old, and later changing sex to male. In the English Channel, Black Seabream are caught by France and the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Shrimp – U.S. Florida, Skimmer Trawl

Several species of shrimp are commercially caught in the U.S. South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, including White Shrimp, Brown Shrimp, Pink Shrimp, Rock Shrimp, Royal Red Shrimp, and Seabob Shrimp. All Shrimp species are short-lived and produce many young. The abundances of Shrimp vary according to environmental conditions. Shrimp trawling damages benthic (seafloor) habitat […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Shrimp – U.S. Southeast, Bottom Trawl

Several  species of shrimp are commercially caught in the U.S. South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, including White Shrimp, Brown Shrimp, Pink Shrimp, Rock Shrimp, Royal Red Shrimp, and Seabob Shrimp. All Shrimp species are short-lived and produce many young. The abundances of Shrimp vary according to environmental conditions. Shrimp trawling damages benthic (seafloor) habitat […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Shrimp, Dock (Coonstripe) – U.S. California

Dock Shrimp is known as Coonstripe Shrimp in California. This species is found from British Columbia, Canada to Baja California, Mexico. Like other shrimps, they grow and sexually mature quickly. Little is known about the health of the Dock Shrimp population In California. Fishing occurs with traps/pots. This fishing method causes moderate habitat damage and […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Shrimp, Pink & Sidestripe – British Columbia, Canada

Pink Shrimp and Sidestripe Shrimp are coldwater shrimp species, found along the North American Pacific coast. Like other shrimp, they grow and sexually mature quickly. In British Columbia, Canada the Pink Shrimp and Sidestripe Shrimp populations are healthy and managers effectively control fishing levels. These shrimp are caught with trawls, which can cause damage to […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Shrimp, Pink – U.S. California & Washington

Pink Shrimp are a coldwater shrimp species, found from California to Alaska. They change sex from male to female after their first year of life. Little is known about the population of Pink Shrimp in the U.S. These shrimp are caught with trawls, which can cause damage to the sand and mud habitats that this […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Shrimp, Ridgeback – U.S. California

Ridgeback Shrimp are found in the Pacific Ocean along the coast of southern California from Monterey Bay to Baja California, Mexico. They live for a maximum of 5 years and reach sexual maturity by two years of age. In California, both the catches and the abundance of Ridgeback Shrimp fluctuate greatly from year to year. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Shrimp, Spot – U.S. Washington & California

The Spot Shrimp (or Spot Prawn) is large shrimp, reaching over 23 cm (9 in.) in total length, found throughout the North Pacific Ocean. Spot Shrimp have a short life span, beginning life as males and transitioning to females at age 3 or 4. In the small commercial Spot Shrimp fisheries in Washington and California […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sickle Pomfret – Hawaii

Sickle Pomfret are found in tropical waters throughout the Pacific and Indian Oceans but little information on their life history or abundance is available. The information that does exist, suggests Sickle Pomfret grow quickly during the first year of life and live for 8 years. While not targeted specifically, Sickle Pomfret are caught in pelagic […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Skate, Big – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Big Skate is found along the Pacific Coast of North America. Like other skates, its biology makes it vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, in British Columbia, Big Skate is moderately abundant and fishing levels are thought to be sustainable. Bottom longlines and bottom trawls are used to catch Big Skate. Bottom longlines cause moderate damage […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Skate, Big – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Big Skate is found along the Pacific Coast of North America. Like other skates, its biology makes it vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, the fisheries that catch this species off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington) are well-managed. Fishing levels on Big Skate are likely low, but its abundance is unknown. They are caught […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Skate, California – U.S. West CoastThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

California Skate is found along the Pacific Coast of North America. Like other skates, its biology makes it vulnerable to fishing pressure. However, the fisheries that catch this species off the U.S. West Coast (California, Oregon, Washington) are well-managed. Fishing levels on California Skate are likely low, but its abundance is unknown. They are caught […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Smelt, Rainbow – Lake Superior, Bottom Gillnet

Rainbow smelt is an invasive species in the Great Lakes region. It was first introduced to the Great Lakes in the 1930’s. It is a short-lived, rapidly growing fish and is prey for many larger species. Management of Rainbow Smelt in the Great Lakes is complicated. Rainbow Smelt are having negative impacts on native forage […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Smelt, Rainbow – Northwestern Atlantic

Smelt is a short-lived, rapidly maturing species of fish commercially harvested in Canadian estuaries of the northwestern Atlantic. Unfortunately this fishery is not properly assessed and abundance estimates are unreliable. Each year, Smelt migrate from the coastal brackish and saltwater habitat to freshwater streams to spawn in late April and May. There is no commercial fishing […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Deep-Water Red (Ehu) – Hawaii

The Deep-water Red Snapper (Ehu) is a large-bodied, moderately long-lived snapper, found in deep tropical and subtropical waters across the Indo-Pacific from Hawaii to East Africa. In Hawaii, Deep-water Red Snapper are caught in a mixed fishery with other deep water snappers and groupers, which collectively are called the Hawaii Deep 7 Bottomfish complex. These species are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Gray / Jobfish, Green (Uku) – Hawaii

The Gray Snapper (or Green Jobfish) is a shallow-water snapper found throughout the western Pacific and Indian Ocean, often found on coral reefs. They gather in large numbers in the summer to reproduce, or spawn, a behavior which make them easy targets to fisherman, increasing their vulnerability to overfishing. The largest numbers of Gray Snapper are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Hog (Hogfish) – Traps & Spears

Hog Snapper are found in tropical and subtropical reefs in the western Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. They are particularly vulnerable to fishing pressure because they are slow growers, relatively long-lived, and change sex from females to males as they age. Commercial fishing for Hog Snapper occurs off Florida, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Kalekale – Hawaii

Kalekale is a large-bodied, moderately long-lived snapper, found in deep tropical and subtropical waters across the Indo-Pacific from Hawaii to East Africa. In Hawaii, Kalekale are caught in a mixed fishery with other deep water snappers and groupers, which collectively are called the Hawaii Deep 7 Bottomfish complex. These species are managed through annual catch limits and closed […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Mangrove – U.S.

Mangrove Snappers are a shallow species, common to coral reefs and seagrass beds, that have slow to moderate growth rates, reaching 30 inches in length and living up to 25 years of age. They are found in the western Atlantic from Florida to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, with most caught in […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Mutton – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Mutton Snapper are most commonly found in the tropical waters of the Caribbean, Florida and Gulf of Mexico. They can live to 40 years of age, have moderate growth rates, and become sexually mature after three years. Mutton Snapper were overfished for many years, but their abundance has increased and today it is at a […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Oblique-banded (Gindai) – Hawaii

Oblique-banded Snapper is a large-bodied, moderately long-lived snapper,  found in deep tropical and subtropical waters across the Indo-Pacific from Hawaii to East Africa. In Hawaii, Oblique-banded Snapper are caught in a mixed fishery with other deep water snappers and groupers, which collectively are called the Hawaii Deep 7 Bottomfish complex. These species are managed through annual catch limits […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Pink (Opakapaka) – Hawaii

Opakapaka is a large-bodied, long-lived snapper, found in deep waters throughout the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to Hawaii. In Hawaii, Opakapaka are caught in a mixed fishery with other deep water snappers and groupers, which collectively are called the Hawaii Deep 7 Bottomfish complex. These species are managed through annual catch limits and closed fishing areas. While the Deep […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, QueenThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Queen Snapper is a deep-water species that is becoming an increasingly important part of the US Caribbean fishery despite there being little information about their abundance. They are found from North Carolina to Brazil including the Gulf of Mexico and throughout the Caribbean. Queen Snapper grow fast, mature early and probably live for around 8 […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Red – U.S. Gulf of MexicoThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Red Snapper are found in the western Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina to northern South America, the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. Red Snapper are found around both natural and artificial structures like corals reefs and oil rigs. They grow slowly, reach sexual maturity around three years of age, and may live for over […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Ruby (Onaga) – Hawaii

Onaga is a large-bodied, moderately long-lived snapper,  found in deep tropical and subtropical waters across the Indo-Pacific from Hawaii to East Africa. In Hawaii, Onaga are caught in a mixed fishery with other deep water snappers and groupers, which collectively are called the Hawaii Deep 7 Bottomfish complex. These species are managed through annual catch limits and closed […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Rusty Jobfish (Lehi) – Hawaii

Rusty Jobfish is a moderately-long lived snapper species, found in deep tropical and subtropical waters across the Indo-Pacific from Hawaii to East Africa. In Hawaii, Rusty Jobfish are caught in a mixed fishery with other deep water snappers and groupers, which collectively are called the Hawaii Deep 7 Bottomfish complex. These species are managed through annual catch […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Silk – U.S. (including U.S. Caribbean)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Silk Snapper is a deepwater fish whose range extends from the Gulf of Mexico, Carolinas, and Bermuda to northern South America. They mature quickly but have moderate growth rates and can live for over 30 years. Silk Snapper have a medium abundance, but many areas have not been properly surveyed. They are commonly caught using […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Tai – New Zealand, Longline, Beach Seine & Gillnet

New Zeleand Tai Snapper are found in subtropical regions of the western Pacific Ocean including New Zealand, Australia, China and Japan. Juvenile Snapper inhabit muddy estuaries, while adults mostly inhabit rocky reefs, but are also found in mud and sea grass habitats. In New Zealand, Tai Snapper are a commercially important fishery. Due to prudent fisheries […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Vermilion – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Vermilion Snapper are found from North Carolina to Brazil and throughout the Gulf of Mexico. They reach sexual maturity at a young age and produce many offspring, spawning multiple times per year. Vermilion Snapper abundance in the Gulf of Mexico is uncertain. Vermilion Snapper abundance in the South Atlantic is below the target level, but […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Yellowtail – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowtail Snapper are found in the Atlantic from New England to southeastern Brazil, although they are most common in tropical regions like the Bahamas, Florida and the Caribbean.  They are a fast growing species that reaches sexual maturity at a young age and can produce many eggs. The abundance of Yellowtail Snapper is considered healthy […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Snapper, Yellowtail- BrazilThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowtail Snapper are found in the Atlantic Ocean from New England to southeastern Brazil. In Brazil, they grow at moderate rates, reach sexual maturity by 3 years and can produce many eggs. Yellowtail Snapper are considered over-exploited in Brazil, and management is mostly lacking in protecting and rebuilding their numbers. Hook-and-lines are a common fishing […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sole, Dover – Atlantic Ocean

Dover Sole are a fast growing species of bottom fish, reaching a size of 70 cm and living up to 40 years. They are found from the North Sea south to northwest Africa and into the Mediterranean Sea. Dover Sole have a medium abundance overall, though population size varies between regions. They are caught by […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sole, Dover – British Columbia

Dover Sole is a long-lived flatfish caught by bottom trawling along the Pacific coast of the US and Canada. Dover Sole are found from the Bering Sea and eastern Aleutian Islands to central Baja California. In British Columbia, the abundance of Dover Sole is uncertain, and management of the fishery is moderately effective. Bottom trawling […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sole, English – British Columbia

English Sole is a moderately long-lived flatfish, found from the Bering Sea and eastern Aleutian Islands to central Baja California. In British Columbia the English Sole population is likely healthy and management is moderately effective. English Sole are caught by bottom trawling, which can be environmentally destructive; however, bottom trawling for English Sole takes place […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sole, Lemon – UK

Lemon Sole is a medium sized flatfish found along the northern European coast on coarse gravelly and rocky bottoms at depths ranging from 40 to 200 meters. They mature relatively quickly and live up to nine years. Lemon Sole appear to be at medium levels of abundance, although information about population size is somewhat limited. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sole, Petrale – British Columbia

Petrale Sole are a commercially important Pacific groundfish species. Petrale Sole grow at a moderate rate and can live for over 30 years. In British Columbia, the abundance level of Petrale Sole is uncertain, but abundance is increasing. Management of the fishery is moderately effective. Petrale Sole are caught by bottom trawling, which can be […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sole, Petrale – U.S. West CoastA fishery targeting this species has been certified as sustainable and well managed to the Marine Stewardship Council's environmental standard. Learn more at http://www.msc.org.

Petrale Sole are a commercially important Pacific groundfish species. Petrale Sole grow at a moderate rate and can live for over 30 years. Petrale Sole are no longer considered depleted, and are rebuilding toward the target abundance level. Management of this species is fairly responsible, highlighted by recent measures adopted to restore the health of the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sole, Rex – British Columbia

Rex Sole is a moderately long-lived flatfish, found from the Bering Sea to southern California. In British Columbia waters the abundance of Rex Sole is uncertain. Management of this fishery is moderately effective. Rex Sole are caught by bottom trawling, which can be environmentally destructive; however, bottom trawling for Rex Sole takes place over sandy, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sole, Rock (Southern) – British Columbia

Northern and Southern Rock soles are commercially important Pacific groundfish. Rock Soles grow at a moderate rate and can live up to 30 years. In British Columbia, Southern Rock Sole is the more prevalent species. The abundance of Southern Rock Sole in British Columbia is above target levels and fishing levels on Rock Sole are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Squid, European and Veined (Ika)

European and Veined Squid are found in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, with Veined Squid more common in northern areas and European Squid most abundant in southern areas. Both species grow fast and become sexually mature within one year. Spawning is considered intermittent and terminal for both species, meaning a squid lays several batches of eggs […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Squid, Jumbo – Mexico

Jumbo squid is the largest squid species caught in commercial fisheries. Individuals can weigh up to 100 pounds and measure as long as 7 feet. Jumbo squid have a short life span and can produce lots of eggs, making them fairly resilient to fishing pressure. Environmental conditions can affect their population abundance from year to […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Squid, Longfin (Ika) – U.S. Atlantic, Bottom Trawl

Longfin squid are fast growing and short-lived, which enable them to withstand moderate fishing pressure. Abundance of Longfin Squid in the U.S. Atlantic is currently around target levels. Historically, the domestic fishery for Longfin Squid was small, but the exclusion of foreign squid boats from U.S. waters and increases in international demand for squid have […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Squid, Market (Ika) (Calamari) – California, Purse Seine

Market Squid are short-lived, but they are vulnerable to large-scale changes in the environment driven by El Nino Southern Oscillation events. Accurate estimates of Market Squid abundance elude fisheries biologists and managers, which makes management of the population difficult. Market Squid off the California coast are caught with purse seines. Normally this method causes limited […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Squid, Shortfin (Ika) – U.S. Atlantic, Bottom Trawl

Shortfin Squid are found on the offshore continental shelf and slope waters of the northwestern Atlantic, from Florida to Labrador. They grow quickly and reproduce at a young age, which helps them withstand moderate fishing pressure. Their abundance level in the U.S. Atlantic is uncertain. Abundance varies from year to year due their short life […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Sturgeon, White – U.S. Lower Columbia RiverThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

White Sturgeon live along the U.S. west coast and primarily use the Sacramento and Lower Columbia Rivers for reproduction. White Sturgeon are long-lived, do not reproduce until late in life, and only reproduce periodically, making them highly vulnerable to overfishing. Sturgeon are highly valued for their eggs or caviar. White Sturgeon in the Lower Columbia River […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Swordfish – California, GillnetThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Swordfish are a large, migratory fish found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. They grow reasonably fast and mature quickly, typically within six years. Off California, Swordfish is also caught with drift gillnets. The bycatch of marine mammals and other protected species is minimized in these fisheries by management […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Swordfish – Hawaii, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Swordfish are large, migratory fish found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast and mature quickly. In the Pacific Ocean, Swordfish are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. Longlines are the most common gear for catching Swordfish worldwide. They result […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Swordfish – U.S. Atlantic & Gulf of Mexico, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Swordfish are large, migratory fish found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast and mature quickly. In the Atlantic Ocean, Swordfish are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. Longlines are the most common gear for catching Swordfish worldwide. They result […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tilefish, Blueline – U.S. Gulf of MexicoThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Blueline Tilefish are found from Virginia, USA down to the Gulf of Mexico. It is a long-lived, deep-water species that builds and lives in burrows on the bottom of the ocean floor. Blueline Tilefish are ecologically important because they modify and create habitat. In the U.S., there are two management populations: South Atlantic and Gulf of […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tilefish, Golden – U.S. Gulf of MexicoThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Golden Tilefish are found along the Atlantic coast of North America, throughout the Gulf of Mexico, and down to the northern coast of South America. It is a long-lived and slow growing deep-water species, that builds and lives in burrows on the bottom of the ocean floor. Golden Tilefish are ecologically important because they modify and […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Triggerfish, Grey and Queen

Grey and Queen Triggerfish are found on rocky and coral reefs throughout much of the Atlantic Ocean, including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. They grow at moderate to fast rates, reach sexual maturity at an early age, and can release millions of eggs. Grey Triggerfish is commercially caught in the Gulf of Mexico […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Trout, Lake – Lake Huron

Lake Trout is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. It was once an important top predator in the Great Lakes ecosystem. Unfortunately, heavy fishing combined with high levels of predation by the exotic sea lamprey caused this species to decline to low levels during the mid 20th century. Today, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Trout, Lake – Lake Michigan

Lake Trout is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. It was once an important top predator in the Great Lakes ecosystem. Unfortunately, heavy fishing combined with high levels of predation by the exotic sea lamprey caused this species to decline to low levels during the mid 20th century. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Trout, Lake – Lake Superior (Canada)

Lake Trout is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. It was once an important top predator in the Great Lakes ecosystem. Unfortunately, heavy fishing combined with high levels of predation by the exotic sea lamprey caused this species to decline to low levels during the mid 20th century. Today, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Trout, Lake – Lake Superior (Michigan)

Lake Trout is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. It was once an important top predator in the Great Lakes ecosystem. Unfortunately, heavy fishing combined with high levels of predation by the exotic sea lamprey caused this species to decline to low levels during the mid 20th century. Today, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Trout, Steelhead

Sea-going members of the Rainbow Trout species, Steelhead return to natal hatching grounds to spawn, with a small percentage surviving to reproduce more than once. Wild Steelhead populations have declined significantly due to overfishing and habitat loss. Commercial fishing for Steelhead in the U.S. has been restricted to Native American tribes for decades. Hatcheries supply […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Albacore (Bin’naga maguro) – Hawaii, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. In the Pacific, the abundance of Albacore Tuna is high and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. Longlines are the most common method used to catch Albacore Tuna. They result in large quantities of bycatch, including threatened or endangered species such as […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – North Atlantic, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. In the Atlantic, Albacore Tuna are at a low abundance level, but fishing levels in the North Atlantic are sustainable. Purse seines are only responsible for a small amount of Albacore Tuna catches in the Atlantic. Purse seines that target free schools of […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – U.S. Atlantic, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. In the Atlantic, Albacore Tuna are at a low abundance level, but fishing levels in the North Atlantic are sustainable. Longlines are the most common method used to catch Albacore Tuna. They result in large quantities of bycatch, including threatened or endangered species […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Atlantic, Pole, Troll & HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Atlantic Ocean, Bigeye Tuna have a medium abundance. Fishing with pole and line, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Atlantic, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Atlantic Ocean, Bigeye Tuna have a medium abundance. Purse seines that target free […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Hawaii (Eastern Central Pacific), LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Pacific Ocean, Bigeye Tuna are at a low abundance, but fishing levels on […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Indian Ocean, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Indian Ocean, Bigeye Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Purse seines that target […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Pacific, Pole, Troll & HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Pacific Ocean, Bigeye Tuna are at a low abundance and overfishing is occurring […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – U.S. Atlantic, GreenstickThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Atlantic Ocean, Bigeye Tuna have a medium abundance. Greenstick gear was developed to reduce […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – U.S. Atlantic, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Atlantic Ocean, Bigeye Tuna have a medium abundance. Longlines result in large quantities of […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Indian Ocean, Pole & TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Indian Ocean, Bigeye Tuna are at a healthy abundance. However, management of tuna […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Blackfin – Atlantic, Pole. Troll & HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Blackfin Tuna is a small tuna species, found in the Western Atlantic Ocean. They can live for 5 years. There has been no assessment of Blackfin Tuna, so its abundance is unknown. Catches of this species are small. Fishing with pole and line, troll, or handline gear is highly selective, resulting in minimal catches of […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Blackfin – U.S. Atlantic, GreenstickThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Blackfin Tuna is a small tuna species, found in the Western Atlantic Ocean. They can live for 5 years. There has been no assessment of Blackfin Tuna, so its abundance is unknown. Catches of this species are small. Greenstick gear was developed to reduce bycatch of vulnerable species that is typical in tuna longline fisheries. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Blackfin – U.S. Gulf of Mexico, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Blackfin Tuna is a small tuna species, found in the Western Atlantic Ocean. They can live for 5 years. There has been no assessment of Blackfin Tuna, so its abundance is unknown. Catches of this species are small. In the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, some Blackfin Tuna are caught with longlines. Longlines result in large […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Atlantic, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Atlantic, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Indian Ocean, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Indian Ocean, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Purse Seines are the most common […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Pacific, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Pacific, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Western Pacific, Pole & trollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Western Pacific, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Fishing with pole and troll is […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.TUNA, SKIPJACK (KATSUO) – Atlantic, Pole & TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Atlantic, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Hawaii, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Pacific, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Longlines result in large quantities of bycatch, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Indian Ocean, Pole & trollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Indian Ocean, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance. However, management of tuna fisheries in the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – U.S. Atlantic, GreenstickThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Atlantic, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Indian Ocean, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. In the Indian Ocean, Yellowfin Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Purse seines that target free schools of tuna and do not use fish aggregating devices (FADs) are called […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Pacific, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. Yellowfin Tuna are at a healthy abundance in the Western Pacific, but are depleted in the Eastern Pacific. However, fishing levels on Yellowfin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Atlantic, Pole, Troll & HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. In the Atlantic Ocean, Yellowfin Tuna are at a low abundance and are considered depleted. Fishing with pole and line, troll, or handline gear is highly selective, resulting in […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Hawaii, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. Yellowfin Tuna are at a healthy abundance in the Western Pacific, but are depleted in the Eastern Pacific. However, fishing levels on Yellowfin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Pacific, Pole, Troll & HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. Yellowfin Tuna are at a healthy abundance in the Western Pacific, but are depleted in the Eastern Pacific. However, fishing levels on Yellowfin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific are […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Indian Ocean, Pole & TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. In the Indian Ocean, Yellowfin Tuna are at a healthy abundance. However, management of tuna fisheries in the Indian Ocean is poor. Fishing with pole and troll is highly selective, […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – U.S. Atlantic, GreenstickThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. In the Atlantic Ocean, Yellowfin Tuna are at a low abundance and are considered depleted. Greenstick gear was developed to reduce bycatch of vulnerable species that is typical in […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Turbot/Halibut, Greenland (Hirame) – AlaskaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Greenland Turbot (also called Greenland Halibut) are found in the northern regions of the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans. In the North Pacific, Greenland Turbot are mostly found in western Alaska, within the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands (BSAI). Greenland Turbot grow slowly, may live for more than 30 years, and reach sexual maturity […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Wahoo – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Wahoo are a fast growing, highly fecund species of fish found worldwide throughout tropical and warm temperate seas. Wahoo are not commercially targeted but are caught in longline and troll fisheries targeting other species such as tuna and swordfish. There is a lack of information on the abundance of this species. These fishing gears have […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Walleye – Lake Erie (Canada)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Walleye is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. In the Great Lakes, Walleye have been the target of recreational and commercial fisheries for hundreds of years. Walleye grow quickly and reach sexual maturity at a young age, but habitat degradation and high fishing pressure caused population declines in the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Walleye – Lake HuronThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Walleye is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. In the Great Lakes, Walleye have been the target of recreational and commercial fisheries for hundreds of years. Walleye grow quickly and reach sexual maturity at a young age, but habitat degradation and high fishing pressure caused population declines in the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Walleye – Lake MichiganThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Walleye is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. In the Great Lakes, Walleye have been the target of recreational and commercial fisheries for hundreds of years. Walleye grow quickly and reach sexual maturity at a young age, but habitat degradation and high fishing pressure caused population declines in the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Walleye – Lake Ontario (Canada)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Walleye is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. In the Great Lakes, Walleye have been the target of recreational and commercial fisheries for hundreds of years. Walleye grow quickly and reach sexual maturity at a young age, but habitat degradation and high fishing pressure caused population declines in the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Walleye – Lake Superior (Canada)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Walleye is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. In the Great Lakes, Walleye have been the target of recreational and commercial fisheries for hundreds of years. Walleye grow quickly and reach sexual maturity at a young age, but habitat degradation and high fishing pressure caused population declines in the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Walleye – Lake Superior (Michigan)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Walleye is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. In the Great Lakes, Walleye have been the target of recreational and commercial fisheries for hundreds of years. Walleye grow quickly and reach sexual maturity at a young age, but habitat degradation and high fishing pressure caused population declines in the […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Whitefish, Lake – Lake Erie

Lake Whitefish is a fast growing freshwater fish that can reach a length of three feet, a weight of roughly 42 pounds, and live for 50 years.  Lake Whitefish are found throughout the Great Lakes and are the main commercial fish species there. The abundance of Lake Whitefish has varied over time. Currently, abundance of […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Whitefish, Lake – Lake Huron

Lake Whitefish is a fast growing freshwater fish that can reach a length of three feet, a weight of roughly 42 pounds, and live for 50 years.  Lake Whitefish are found throughout the Great Lakes and are the main commercial fish species there. The abundance of Lake Whitefish has varied over time. Currently, abundance of […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Whitefish, Lake – Lake Michigan (Michigan), Trap Net

Lake Whitefish is a fast growing freshwater fish that can reach a length of three feet, a weight of roughly 42 pounds, and live for 50 years.  Lake Whitefish are found throughout the Great Lakes and are the main commercial fish species there. The abundance of Lake Whitefish has varied over time. Currently, the abundance […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Whitefish, Lake – Lake Michigan, Bottom Gillnet

Lake Whitefish is a fast growing freshwater fish that can reach a length of three feet, a weight of roughly 42 pounds, and live for 50 years.  Lake Whitefish are found throughout the Great Lakes and are the main commercial fish species there. The abundance of Lake Whitefish has varied over time. Currently, the abundance […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Whitefish, Lake – Lake Ontario (Canada)

Lake Whitefish is a fast growing freshwater fish that can reach a length of three feet, a weight of roughly 42 pounds, and live for 50 years.  Lake Whitefish are found throughout the Great Lakes and are the main commercial fish species there. The abundance of Lake Whitefish has varied over time. Currently, the abundance […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Whitefish, Lake – Lake Superior (Canada)

Lake Whitefish is a fast growing freshwater fish that can reach a length of three feet, a weight of roughly 42 pounds, and live for 50 years.  Lake Whitefish are found throughout the Great Lakes and are the main commercial fish species there. The abundance of Lake Whitefish has varied over time. Currently, the abundance […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Whitefish, Lake – Lake Superior (Michigan)

Lake Whitefish is a fast growing freshwater fish that can reach a length of three feet, a weight of roughly 42 pounds, and live for 50 years.  Lake Whitefish are found throughout the Great Lakes and are the main commercial fish species there. The abundance of Lake Whitefish has varied over time. Currently, the abundance […]
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Some problems exist with this species' status or catch methods, or information is insufficient for evaluating.Yellowtail, California – U.S. California, Gillnet (Hiramasa)

California Yellowtail are found and caught commercially off California and Baja California, Mexico. They reach sexual maturity at an early age, but are relatively slow growing and known to form spawning aggregations Catches of California Yellowtail have fluctuated greatly over the years, tending to be greater during El Nino events when waters are warmer and […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Anchovy, European – Mediterranean and Black Seas (excluding the Adriatic Sea)

European Anchovy are small, pelagic schooling fish (meaning they swim in groups near the surface) found throughout the eastern Atlantic Ocean and its associated seas. In the Mediterranean and Black Seas, the abundance of European Anchovy relative to abundance conservation goals is unknown, but fishing levels on Anchovy are above sustainable levels in several areas. […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Barramundi – Indonesia

Barramundi is a fast growing species of fish found in tropical and sub-tropical waters of the Western and Central Pacific and Indian Oceans. They can live in freshwater, brackish and marine habitats. They begin life as males and after several years of spawning transition to females for the remainder of their life. Abundance of Barramundi is […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Bass, Black Sea – U.S. Atlantic, Bottom Trawl

Black Sea Bass are found along the U.S. East Coast from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to Cape Canaveral, Florida, and in the Gulf of Mexico. They prefer structural habitats such as shipwrecks, artificial reefs, and oyster or mussel beds. They begin life as females and become males by the time they are five years old. There are two populations of […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Bass, Chilean Sea – Crozet Islands, Prince Edward and Marion Islands, ChileThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Patagonian Toothfish, more commonly known as Chilean Sea Bass, are widely distributed in the Southern Hemisphere south of 40°S latitude. It is a long-lived species that is thought to reach 50 years in age. Sexual maturity is reached between 6-12 years and fecundity is moderate. Due to its high commercial value, Patagonian Toothfish has been […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Bluenose – New Zealand, Bottom Trawls

Bluenose (or Antarctic Butterfish) is a large fish, growing to over 50 kg, found in temperate waters of New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and South America. They are particularly vulnerable to fishing pressure because they are long lived, mature late, and exhibit schooling and spawning aggregation behaviors that make them easy to catch. Bluenose sold […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Cod, Atlantic – Canada, Bottom Trawl

Decades of overfishing have driven Atlantic Cod populations in the U.S. and Canada to historic low levels. While some populations have shown signs of recovery in recent years, the overall recovery of Atlantic Cod has been variable and unstable. While management efforts in Canada have improved in recent years, recovery is still expected to be […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Cod, Atlantic – U.S. (except Georges Bank handline fishery)

Atlantic Cod are a species of groundfish that can live more than 20 years. They are found throughout the North Atlantic, and have been heavily fished for centuries driving some populations to historic low levels. In the U.S. Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank, the abundance of Atlantic Cod is low. While management efforts in […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Cod, Pacific – Japan, Russia Federation

Pacific Cod is found throughout the North Pacific. The U.S. has its own Pacific Cod fishery, and also imports this species from Japan and Russia. In Japan, management of the Pacific Cod fisheries is ineffective and overfishing is likely occurring in most areas. In Russia, management measures for Pacific Cod are in place and Pacific Cod […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Conch, Queen

Queen Conch is a large marine gastropod found throughout the Caribbean. Many features of the Queen Conch’s life history are still unresolved, but it is thought to mature around 4-5 years and live between 20-30 years. Since Queen Conch forms large aggregations in shallow coastal waters, where it can easily be seen and collected by […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Crab, Atlantic Rock – U.S.

Atlantic Rock Crabs are found along the Atlantic coast of North America. The Atlantic Rock Crab is fast growing and short-lived. It is typically found close to shore in shallow waters. The abundance of this species is unknown. In the past Atlantic Rock Crabs were primarily caught as a bycatch species in the lobster fishery, but […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Crab, Blue and Red Swimmer – East and South East Asia

Swimmer Crabs grow quickly, reach sexual maturity around age one, and live for three years. They are caught in a number of countries in the Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific. In China, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines there is very limited management in place for Swimmer Crabs and abundance levels are uncertain. Each […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Crab, Blue Swimmer – Western Australia (Shark Bay), Bottom Trawl

Blue Swimmer Crab is a tropical species found in estuaries and inshore marine waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region. This species grows quickly, reaches sexual maturity around age one, and lives for three to four years. In Western Australia there are three main fishing areas for Blue Swimmer Crab: Cockburn Sound, Peel-Harvey Estuary, and Shark Bay. Blue Swimmer Crab abundance […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Crab, Jonah – U.S.

Jonah Crabs are found along the Atlantic coast of North America. Little is known about the biology of this species, and its abundance is unknown. In the past Jonah Crabs were primarily caught as a bycatch species in the lobster fishery, but are now caught in a directed fishery. They are caught with baited traps […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Dab, Common – Iceland

Common Dab is a small species of flatfish that grows fast and becomes sexually mature within four years. Dab is found on shallow, sandy bottoms throughout the Northeast Atlantic, and in Iceland they are found all around the country. Common Dab is mostly caught with Danish seines in Icelandic waters, which cause moderate damage to […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Eel, American (Unagi)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

American Eels are late-bloomers, in terms of reaching sexual maturity and reproduction. They may not reproduce until they are 20 years old, and this makes them inherently vulnerable to fishing pressure because they cannot readily create new generations to replace the eels that are caught each year. Using eel pots in coastal waters and nets […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Flounder, Windowpane – U.S. Georges Bank/Gulf of Maine

Windowpane Flounder are a fast growing species of flatfish found in the Northwest Atlantic from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to Florida. The abundance of Windowpane Flounder in the Georges Bank and Gulf of Maine is low and they are currently fished at too high a level. Most Windowpane Flounder are caught with bottom trawls, which […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Flounder, Winter – U.S. Mid-Atlantic

Winter Flounder is a fast growing flatfish, distributed along the Atlantic coast from Labrador to North Carolina. They are typically found in inshore bays and estuaries in the winter and deeper waters in the summer. There are three managed populations of Winter Flounder – Georges Bank, Gulf of Maine and southern New England/Mid-Atlantic Bight. The […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Flounder, Witch – U.S.

Witch Flounder are a species of flatfish found on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. They grow slower and live longer than most other flounder species. The abundance of Witch Flounder in the U.S. is low and they are currently fished at too high a level. Bottom trawls are used to catch Witch Flounder, which […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Flounder, Yellowtail – U.S. Georges Bank and Gulf of Maine

Yellowtail Flounder is a fast growing flatfish that produces many young and reaches a maximum size of 22 inches and 2 lbs. Yellowtail Flounder occur in the Northwest Atlantic from northern Newfoundland to the lower part of the Chesapeake Bay. Yellowtail Flounder populations in Georges Bank and the Gulf of Maine are depleted and are […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Grouper, Gag – U.S. Gulf of Mexico, Bottom LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Gag Grouper is found in the western Atlantic from Massachusetts to southern Brazil. In U.S. waters, there are two Gag Grouper populations: South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. Gag Grouper caught with longlines in the Gulf of Mexico account for less than 2% of all U.S. grouper catches. Gag Grouper are protogynous hermaphrodites beginning their lives […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Grouper, Gag – U.S. South Atlantic, HandlineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Gag Grouper is found in the western Atlantic from Massachusetts to southern Brazil. In U.S. waters, there are two Gag Grouper populations: South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. Gag Grouper caught with handlines in the South Atlantic account for 4% of all U.S. grouper catches. Gag Grouper are protogynous hermaphrodites beginning their lives as females and […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Grouper, Snowy – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Snowy Grouper are found in deep-water rocky habitats, from North Carolina to Brazil including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. They are a long lived, slow growing species that changes sex (from female to male) as they grow, making them extremely vulnerable to fishing pressure. In the U.S. South Atlantic, the abundance of Snowy […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Grouper, Warsaw – U.S. Gulf of MexicoThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Warsaw Grouper are found in deep-waters of the western Atlantic from Massachusetts to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Warsaw Grouper are one of the largest and longest-lived groupers. They can grow to over 7.5 ft in length, live for over 41 years, and like other groupers they change sex (from female […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Grouper, Yellowedge – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowedge Grouper are found in deep-waters of the western Atlantic from North Carolina to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. They are a long-lived, slow growing species that changes sex (from female to male) as they grow; these characteristics make them extremely vulnerable to fishing pressure. Abundance of Yellowedge Grouper is likely […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Haddock – U.S. Gulf of MaineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

In the U.S. Gulf of Maine, Haddock are currently recovering from a depleted state, but continue to be fished at too high of a level. As well, most Haddock are caught using habitat-damaging bottom trawls but also with bottom longlines and handlines. All fishing methods catch several species in addition to Haddock and some of these […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Hake, White – Canadian Atlantic

White Hake is a bottom-dwelling fish species (or ‘groundfish’) typically found in the Atlantic Ocean from Cape Hatteras to southern Labrador and are primarily caught using three types of gear; bottom longline, bottom trawl, and bottom gillnet. This rating is for White Hake caught in Canada. White Hake in Canada are at a low abundance, […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Halibut, Atlantic (Hirame) – U.S.These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Atlantic Halibut can live for 50 years, grow to over eight feet in length, and weigh over 660 pounds. They are found on both sides of the North Atlantic Ocean as well as some parts of the Arctic Ocean. Atlantic Halibut were once extremely abundant along the northeast U.S. and Canadian coastlines, but populations have […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Lobster, American – U.S. Southern New EnglandThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

American Lobsters are found off the Atlantic coast of North America from Newfoundland to Virginia. They can grow to a large size of 18kg (40lbs) and reach sexual maturity between 5-10 years old. In the U.S., the abundance of American Lobster varies between regions. In the Southern New England region, abundance of American Lobster has […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Lobster, Caribbean Spiny – Belize, Brazil, Honduras & NicaraguaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Caribbean Spiny Lobsters grow fast, are highly fecund (very fertile), and can live up to 20 years. In Belize, Brazil, Hondura, and Nicaragua, fishing for Caribbean Spiny Lobsters occurs with traps and by diving with the use of casitas (shelters) and/or SCUBA gear. The fishing methods are highly selective, resulting in minimal catches of non-target […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Lobster, Norway – North Sea, Celtic Sea, West Scotland, Spain, & Portugal, Bottom Trawl

Norway Lobster are found throughout the Northeast Atlantic, from Iceland south to Morocco. They live in burrows in muddy or sandy habitats. There are many different Norway Lobster populations. For most populations abundance is unknown, but populations off the Spain and Portugal coasts are considered depleted and fishing levels on Norway Lobster are too high […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Mahimahi – Costa Rica, Guatemala and Peru, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Mahimahi produce many eggs, grow quickly, and reach sexual maturity at a young age, making them resilient to fishing pressure. No formal population assessments have been completed in any region, so their current population sizes are not known. Mahimahi are caught by a variety of fishing gears including longlines. This type of fishing also captures […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Marlin, Blue – Imported PacificThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Blue Marlin is a large pelagic species, found in tropical and temperate waters worldwide. Blue Marlin mature early, produce many eggs, and grow fast, reaching sizes up to 450 cm and 900 kg. Blue Marlin are caught throughout the Pacific Ocean. The last population assessment for Blue Marlin in the Pacific indicated that abundance levels […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Marlin, StripedThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Striped Marlin is an open ocean species found throughout much of the world’s temperate and tropical oceans. Striped Marlin in the Pacific are being fished faster than the population can reproduce and the species has dramatically declined. This species is primarily captured with pelagic longlines, which result in minimal habitat damage, but do catch some […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Octopus (Tako) – PhilippinesThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Octopus grows fast and produces many young – traits that help it withstand fishing pressure. Several species of Octopus are commercially fished in the Philippines; the main species is Day Octopus. In the Philippines, Octopus is found in coral reefs and caught using a variety of gear, including  jigs, hook/gaff, spears and baited traps. There is […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Octopus, Common (Tako) – Eastern Atlanitc, Bottom TrawlThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Common Octopus are wide-ranging and have short lifespans. In the eastern Atlantic, Common Octopus are caught with bottom trawls by Spain, Portugal, Morocco and Mauritania. These bottom trawl fisheries often catch high numbers of non-target species, including some depleted, threatened, and endangered species. Bottom trawling is also highly destructive to bottom ocean habitats. In Spain and […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Octopus, Common (Tako) – MexicoThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

The Common Octopus is globally distributed and caught worldwide. It is a short-lived and fast-growing animal. In the Gulf of Mexico, Mexico, there have been no population assessments for common octopus, so abundance and fishing levels are unknown. In Mexico, fishermen catch Common Octopus with baited lines that are attached to poles, called “jimba.” This […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Octopus, Red – MexicoThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

The Red Octopus is endemic to the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. It is a short-lived and fast-growing animal. Abundance of the Red Octopus has fluctuated and most recently declined. There is concern that overfishing of Red Octopus is occurring. In Mexico, fishermen catch Red Octopus with baited lines that are attached to poles, called “jimba.” The […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Opah – ImportedThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Opah is a pelagic species of fish (swims near the surface) found throughout all tropical and temperate oceans. It can grow to six and a half feet in length, approximately 550 pounds in weight, and may live for 11 years. Opah in the Pacific Ocean is probably at a medium level of abundance, however no […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Orange Roughy – New ZealandThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Orange Roughy are a long-lived, late maturing species with a relatively low fecundity (fertility). They can live to be more than 100 years old and don’t mature until they’re in their late 20’s. Most Orange Roughy in the U.S. market comes from New Zealand. Years of heavy pressure on Orange Roughy caused significant declines in […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Oreos

Smooth and Black Oreos are slow to mature and are extremely long-lived fishes, qualities which make them vulnerable to overfishing. Most reported catches occur in New Zealand, where they are in low levels of abundance in some areas. They aggregate around seamounts, and the bottom trawls used to fish for Oreos cause extensive damage to […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, China – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are no recent assessments of China Rockfish in British Columbia so its abundance is unknown. China Rockfish are caught with bottom longline, jig, and troll. These gears can cause some damage to bottom ocean habitats, but there […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Copper – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are no recent assessments of Copper Rockfish in British Columbia so its abundance is unknown. Copper Rockfish are caught with bottom longline, jig, and troll. These gears can cause some damage to bottom ocean habitats, but […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Darkblotched – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. In British Columbia, the abundance of Darkblotched Rockfish is uncertain, but it is considered a species of concern. Darkblotched Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Redbanded – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are no recent assessments of Redbanded Rockfish in British Columbia so its abundance is unknown. Redbanded Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, bottom longlines, jig, and troll. Bottom trawls can be environmentally destructive, but there are […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Redstripe – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are no recent assessments of Redstripe Rockfish in British Columbia so its abundance is unknown. Redstripe Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Rougheye – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. The abundance of Rougheye Rockfish in British Columbia is uncertain, but it is considered a species of concern. Rougheye Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, bottom longlines, jig, and troll. Bottom trawls can be environmentally destructive, but […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Shortraker – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are no recent assessments of Shortraker Rockfish in British Columbia so its abundance is unknown. Shortraker Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, bottom longlines, jig, and troll. Bottom trawls can be environmentally destructive, but there are a […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Shortspine Thornyhead – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are no recent assessments of Shortspine Thornyhead in British Columbia so its abundance is unknown. Shortspine Thornyhead are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Tiger – British Columbia (Outside Fishery)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are no recent assessments of Tiger Rockfish in British Columbia so its abundance is unknown. Tiger Rockfish are caught with bottom longlines, jig, and troll, which have low impacts on bottom ocean habitats. There are two management […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Widow – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are no recent assessments of Widow Rockfish in British Columbia so its abundance is unknown. Widow Rockfish are caught with bottom trawls, which can be environmentally destructive. There are a number of spatial restrictions in place in […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Yelloweye – British Columbia (Outside Fishery)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are two management areas for Yelloweye Rockfish in British Columbia; the inside area (waters between Vancouver Island and the mainland) and the outside area (remainder of the coast). There are no recent assessments of Yelloweye Rockfish […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Rockfish, Yellowtail – British Columbia, Bottom TrawlThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Most Rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, and slow growing, which makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure. There are two management areas for Yellowtail Rockfish in British Columbia; the inside area (waters between Vancouver Island and the mainland) and the outside area (remainder of the coast). Most Yellowtail Rockfish are caught in the outside […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Sardine, Atlantic (Iwashi) – Mediterranean Sea

Atlantic sardine are small, pelagic schooling fish (meaning they swim in groups near the surface) found throughout the eastern Atlantic Ocean and its associated seas. In the Mediterranean Sea, the abundance level of Atlantic sardine is uncertain in many areas, but some populations are depleted. Fishing levels on sardine are above sustainable levels in several […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Sea Urchin, Green – Maine

Green Sea Urchins, members of the phylum Echinodermata (“spiny skin”), are found in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.  In the Atlantic they are found from the Canadian Arctic down to New Jersey. They are hand-caught by divers, so bycatch is minimal with no damage to the habitat. However, along the coast of Maine, Green Sea Urchins […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Seabream, Black – France and UK: English Channel, Bottom trawl

Black Seabream are found in the northeast Atlantic from Norway south to the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands. This species is primarily consumed in Europe. Black Seabream are hermaphrodites, first maturing as a female at 2-3 years old, and later changing sex to male. In the English Channel, Black Seabream are caught by France and the UK. […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Shad, American – U.S. Atlantic

American Shad are naturally found from Florida to Canada, but have also been introduced into U.S. West Coast waters. American Shad hatch in freshwater, spend part of their life in the ocean, and then return to freshwater rivers to spawn. Historically they spawned in almost every accessible river and tributary on the Atlantic coast, but […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Shrimp – Mexico

Several shrimp species are caught in Mexico: Blue, Brown, White, Pink and Seabob. Most are fished in Pacific waters, with the remainder from the Gulf of Mexico. Shrimp grow and sexually mature quickly. Juvenile shrimp generally live in estuaries, lagoons and coastal waters, before migrating offshore to reproduce and complete their life cycle. Some management […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Shrimp – U.S. Gulf of Mexico, Skimmer Trawl (except Florida)

Several species of shrimp are commercially caught in the U.S. South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, including White Shrimp, Brown Shrimp, Pink Shrimp, Rock Shrimp, Royal Red Shrimp, and Seabob Shrimp. All Shrimp species are short-lived and produce many young. The abundances of Shrimp vary according to environmental conditions. Shrimp trawling damages benthic (seafloor) habitat […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Skate, Longnose – British ColumbiaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

The Longnose Skate is found along the Pacific Coast of North America. Like other skates, its biology makes it vulnerable to fishing pressure. In British Columbia, the abundance of Longnose Skate has declined, which is cause for concern. They are caught using bottom trawls and bottom longlines. Although these gears can damage the seafloor, fishing […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Skate, Winter – U.S. AtlanticThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Seven species of skate – Winter, Barndoor, Thorny, Little, Rosette, Clearnose, and Smooth Skate – make up the U.S. Northeast Skate Complex. However, Winter Skate is currently the only species that is commercially caught for human consumption. (Retention of Thorny Skate is prohibited.) They are sold as wings, fillets, or imitation scallops. Skates are typically […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Snapper, New Zealand Tai – Bottom Trawl & Danish Seine

New Zeleand Tai Snapper are found in subtropical regions of the western Pacific Ocean including New Zealand, Australia, China and Japan. Juvenile Snapper inhabit muddy estuaries, while adults mostly inhabit rocky reefs, but are also found in mud and sea grass habitats. In New Zealand, Tai Snapper are a commercially important fishery. Due to prudent fisheries […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Snapper, Red – U.S. South AtlanticThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Red Snapper are found in the western Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina to northern South America, the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. Red Snapper are found around both natural and artificial structures like corals reefs and oil rigs. They grow slowly, reach sexual maturity around three years of age, and may live for over […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Sturgeon and Paddlefish – U.S. Mississippi RiverThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Wild Sturgeon and Paddlefish in the U.S. have suffered from overfishing and habitat degradation. These species are long-lived, do not reproduce until late in life, and only reproduce periodically, so recovery of these species will be slow. These species are highly valued for their eggs or caviar. Sturgeon and Paddlefish in the Mississippi River and its […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Sturgeon, Atlantic – St. Lawrence River, Canada

Atlantic Sturgeon is a wide ranging anadromous species found from Florida, United States to Labrador, Canada. Atlantic Sturgeon are long-lived and do not reproduce until late in life. In the Gulf of St. Lawrence River, Canada, Atlantic Sturgeon are caught with gillnets. This fishery produces smoked sturgeon for the Canadian market. Wild caught Atlantic Sturgeon are not […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Sturgeon, Lake – St. Lawrence River, CanadaThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Lake Sturgeon is a freshwater fish found throughout Canada and the Mississippi River basin in the United States. Lake Sturgeon are long-lived and do not reproduce until late in life. In the Gulf of St. Lawrence River, Canada, Lake Sturgeon are caught with gillnets. This fishery produces smoked sturgeon, not caviar. In Canada, Lake Sturgeon have […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Swordfish – Atlantic (except U.S.), LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Swordfish are a large, migratory fish found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast and mature quickly. In the Atlantic Ocean, Swordfish are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. However, in the Mediterranean Sea, it is likely that Swordfish are […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Swordfish – Indian Ocean, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Swordfish are large, migratory fish found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast and mature quickly. In the Indian Ocean, Swordfish are moderately abundant. Longlines are the most common gear for catching Swordfish worldwide. They result in large quantities of bycatch, including threatened or endangered species such […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Swordfish – Pacific (except Hawaii), LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Swordfish are large, migratory fish found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast and mature quickly. In the Pacific Ocean, Swordfish are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are sustainable. Longlines are the most common gear for catching Swordfish worldwide. They result in […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tautog

Tautog is a slow growing, long-lived fish found from Nova Scotia, Canada to Georgia. It is highly dependent on finding suitable habitat that provides protection from predators and a good food supply. Most Tautog is caught in recreational fisheries, but some are commercially caught, often by bottom trawling which can cause substantial damage to the […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tilefish, Blueline – U.S. South AtlanticThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Blueline Tilefish are found from Virginia, USA down to the Gulf of Mexico. It is a long-lived, deep-water species that builds and lives in burrows on the bottom of the ocean floor. Blueline Tilefish are ecologically important because they modify and create habitat. In the U.S., there are two management populations: South Atlantic and Gulf of […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Trout, Lake – Lake Superior (Wisconsin)

Lake Trout is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. It was once an important top predator in the Great Lakes ecosystem. Unfortunately, heavy fishing combined with high levels of predation by the exotic sea lamprey caused this species to decline to low levels during the mid 20th century. Today, […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – Atlantic (besides U.S.), LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. Albacore Tuna in the Atlantic Ocean are at a low abundance level. Fishing levels on this species are sustainable in the North Atlantic, but overfishing is occurring in the South Atlantic. Longlines are the most common method used to catch Albacore Tuna. They […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – Atlantic, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. In the Atlantic, Albacore Tuna are at a low abundance level, and overfishing is occurring in the South Atlantic. Purse seines are only responsible for a small amount of Albacore Tuna catches in the Atlantic. Purse seines that use Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) to […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – Indian Ocean, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. In the Indian Ocean, overfishing on Albacore Tuna is occurring. Longlines are the most common method used to catch Albacore Tuna. They result in large quantities of bycatch, including threatened or endangered species such as sea turtles, sharks and seabirds. Management of the Indian […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – Indian Ocean, Pole & TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. In the Indian Ocean, overfishing on Albacore Tuna is occurring. Management of the Indian Ocean tuna fisheries is poor. Fishing with pole and troll gear is highly selective, resulting in minimal catches of non-target species. This type of gear also has little to no […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – Pacific (except Hawaii), LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. Albacore Tuna in the Pacific Ocean are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels are sustainable. Longlines are the most common method used to catch Albacore Tuna. They result in large quantities of bycatch, including threatened or endangered species such as sea turtles, […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – South Atlantic, Pole & TrollThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. The abundance of Albacore Tuna is low in both the North and South Atlantic Ocean, and overfishing of Albacore Tuna is occurring in the South Atlantic. Fishing with pole and troll gear is highly selective, resulting in minimal catches of non-target species. This type […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Albacore (BIN’NAGA MAGURO) – South Atlantic, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Albacore Tuna are a migratory, schooling fish with a high reproductive rate. In the Atlantic, Albacore Tuna are at a low abundance level, and overfishing is occurring in the South Atlantic. Purse seines are only responsible for a small amount of Albacore Tuna catches in the Atlantic. Purse seines that target free schools of tuna and […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Atlantic (except U.S.), LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Atlantic Ocean, Bigeye Tuna have a medium abundance. Longlines result in large quantities […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Atlantic, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Atlantic Ocean, Bigeye Tuna have a medium abundance. Purse seines that use Fish […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Eastern Pacific (except Hawaii), LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Pacific Ocean, Bigeye Tuna are at a low abundance, but fishing levels on […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Indian Ocean, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Indian Ocean, Bigeye Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Purse seines that use […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Indian Ocean, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Indian Ocean, Bigeye Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Longlines result in large […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Pacific, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Pacific Ocean, Bigeye Tuna are at a low abundance and overfishing is occurring […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Bigeye (Maguro) – Western Pacific, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bigeye Tuna are a large fish, growing to over 200 kg (440 lbs), and are found throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They grow reasonably fast, can release millions of eggs each year, and can live to 10 years. In the Pacific Ocean, Bigeye Tuna are at a low abundance and overfishing is occurring in […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Blackfin – Atlantic, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Blackfin Tuna is a small tuna species, found in the Western Atlantic Ocean. They can live for 5 years. There has been no assessment of Blackfin Tuna, so its abundance is unknown. Catches of this species are small. Purse seines that use Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) to attract and catch tuna are called floating object […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Bluefin (Hon Maguro)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Bluefin Tuna is the largest tuna species and one of the largest fish in our oceans, growing to 1543 pounds and over 13 feet in length. Bluefin tuna is caught in the Pacific, Atlantic, Southern Oceans and Mediterranean and are severely depleted worldwide. All populations are being caught at rates faster than they can reproduce. […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Atlantic, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Atlantic, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Indian Ocean, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Indian Ocean, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Purse Seines are the most common […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Skipjack (Katsuo) – Pacific, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Skipjack Tuna represent about half of the global tuna catch and are commonly sold as ‘canned light’ or ‘chunk light’. They can spawn millions of eggs each year, grow fast, and have a high rate of population increase. In the Pacific, Skipjack Tuna are at a healthy abundance and fishing levels on this species are […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Atlantic, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. In the Atlantic Ocean, Yellowfin Tuna are at a low abundance and are considered depleted. Purse seines that use Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) to attract and catch tuna are […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Atlantic, Unassociated Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. In the Atlantic Ocean, Yellowfin Tuna are at a low abundance and are considered depleted. Purse seines that target free schools of tuna and do not use fish aggregating […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Indian Ocean, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. In the Indian Ocean, Yellowfin Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Purse seines that use Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) to attract and catch tuna are called floating object or […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Pacific, Floating Object Purse SeineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. Yellowfin Tuna are at a healthy abundance in the Western Pacific, but are depleted in the Eastern Pacific. However, fishing levels on Yellowfin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific are […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Atlantic, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. In the Atlantic Ocean, Yellowfin Tuna are at a low abundance and are considered depleted. Longlines result in large quantities of bycatch, including threatened or endangered species such as […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Indian Ocean, LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. In the Indian Ocean, Yellowfin Tuna are at a healthy abundance. Longlines result in large quantities of bycatch, including threatened or endangered species such as sea turtles, sharks and […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Tuna, Yellowfin (Maguro) – Pacific (except Hawaii), LonglineThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Yellowfin Tuna grow quickly, produce millions of eggs per spawning, and live up to 9 years. They are found throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical oceans. Yellowfin Tuna are at a healthy abundance in the Western Pacific, but are depleted in the Eastern Pacific. However, fishing levels on Yellowfin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific are […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Turbot/Halibut, Greenland (Hirame) – Western GreenlandThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Greenland turbot, commonly referred to as Greenland halibut, is a bottom-dwelling flatfish found in temperate and Arctic waters of the North Atlantic and North Pacific. The fishery off Western Greenland in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean is the largest of the Greenland Turbot fisheries. Off Western Greenland, the abundance of Greenland Turbot varies among areas, but […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Walleye – Lake Superior (Wisconsin)These fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Walleye is a freshwater species of fish found throughout the northern part of North America. In the Great Lakes, Walleye have been the target of recreational and commercial fisheries for hundreds of years. Walleye grow quickly and reach sexual maturity at a young age, but habitat degradation and high fishing pressure caused population declines in the […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Weakfish – U.S. AtlanticThese fish contain levels of mercury or PCBs that may pose a health risk to adults and children. Our source of information is http://seafood.edf.org/.  We also recommend that you check local advisories.

Weakfish are a species of fast growing fish found from Massachusetts to Florida, although they are most commonly found between New York and North Carolina.They are highly dependent on estuaries for food, shelter and spawning. Weakfish populations are depleted throughout their range and it is thought that increased predation and other natural factors, and not […]
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Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Whitefish, Lake – Lake Superior (Wisconsin)

Lake Whitefish is a fast growing freshwater fish that can reach a length of three feet, a weight of roughly 42 pounds, and live for 50 years.  Lake Whitefish are found throughout the Great Lakes and are the main commercial fish species there. The abundance of Lake Whitefish has varied over time. Currently, the abundance […]
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