Hard Clams are found in intertidal or subtidal waters along the western Atlantic coast and in the Gulf of Mexico. Most commercial fisheries for Hard Clams occur between Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and North Carolina. Either individual states, municipalities, or a combination of both set regulations for fishing.
While populations are stable in many areas, they are at low levels in some areas compared to historical abundances. Low abundance is likely due to a combination of overfishing and poor water quality.
While gear impacts to the habitat are moderate, bycatch is very low. Note: Usually referred to by size classification (from smallest to largest): Button, Littleneck, Topneck, Cherrystone, and Chowder