Cod, Atlantic – Canada
Decades of overfishing caused Atlantic Cod populations in Canada to collapse in the mid-1990s. Today, Atlantic Cod populations are still struggling to recover, and many Cod fisheries in Canada remain closed.
However, there are fisheries for Atlantic Cod in Canada’s Southern Newfoundland and Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence regions. Atlantic Cod are caught with bottom trawls, bottom longlines, and bottom gillnets. These fisheries are rated red because Atlantic Cod is at a low abundance in these regions, and the fisheries catch other depleted, threatened, or endangered species. Additionally, bottom trawling can cause substantial damage to bottom ocean habitats.