Pacific Cod is a relatively fast growing fish that can produce several hundred thousand eggs per year. It is commercially fished in two regions, the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands, and both populations have good abundance.
The main fishing methods for Pacific Cod are bottom trawl, pot, longline, and jig gear. Management in Alaska uses a series of catch limits, observer counts, closures, and permits to limit the overall ecosystem effects of the Pacific Cod fishery.
Concerns regarding seabird bycatch and food availability for Steller’s sea lions have been addressed by recent management that has changed gear requirements to reduce seabird catch, and implemented a series of closures to protect critical sea lion habitat.
In January 2010, the Marine Stewardship Council certified all gear types in the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands as sustainable fisheries.
This fish may have high levels of mercury that could pose a health risk to adults and children. More mercury info here.