Summer flounder inhabit estuarine and coastal waters off the northeast east coast of the US, from the Gulf of Maine to South Carolina.
Summer flounder mature early, produce many eggs and spawn often over the spawning season, factors that help keep their abundance at moderate levels.
In the commercial fishery, which accounts for about 50% of the total annual catch, bottom trawls are commonly used to catch Summer Flounder. A major rod-and-reel recreational fishery accounts for the rest. Bycatch is low in both fisheries. The Summer Flounder population is currently being rebuilt and is no longer considered to be overfished.