Yellowedge Grouper are found and commercially fished in the western Atlantic from North Carolina to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. They are a long-lived, slow growing species that changes sex (from females to males) as they grow; these characteristics make them extremely vulnerable to fishing pressure.
Abundance of Yellowedge Grouper is low throughout much of its range, including in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. In the U.S. South Atlantic, the current abundance of Yellowedge Grouper is not known. In the U.S., management measures include gear restrictions, some seasonal and area closures, and catch limits. Outside the U.S. management is lacking.
Yellowedge Grouper are primarily captured using bottom longlines, which results in moderate habitat damage and a medium level of bycatch. Some fish are also captured with hook and line, a fishing method that causes little habitat damage.