Hoki is one of the most abundant commercial species in New Zealand and the majority of Hoki are exported to China, where they are re-exported to Europe.
There are two populations of Hoki in New Zealand waters (western and eastern) and both populations have high abundance. Hoki form spawning aggregations (large groups of that come together for mating) in several locations during the winter months, and fishermen easily target these aggregations.
Fishermen use both mid-water and bottom trawls to target Hoki, which damage the sea floor to varying degrees. Bycatch of seabirds and fur seals has been reduced over the past several years and the Marine Stewardship Council certifies the fishery as sustainable.