Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.

Smooth and Black Oreos are slow to mature and are extremely long-lived fishes, qualities which make them vulnerable to overfishing.

Most reported catches occur in New Zealand, where they are in low levels of abundance in some areas. They aggregate around seamounts, and the bottom trawls used to fish for Oreos cause extensive damage to their benthic (seafloor) habitats.

Full species report here.