There are over 60 species of rockfish found along the U.S. West Coast, and many are important in commercial and recreational fisheries.
Some rockfish species are overfished and the status of many others is unknown because of a lack of available information. Recovery plans introduced since the late 1990s are slowly helping vulnerable rockfish populations increase, but full recovery for the most depleted and slow-growing species is not expected for many decades.
Most rockfish are long-lived, late to mature, slow growing, and are affected by environmental factors such as warm ocean temperatures. This makes them especially vulnerable to fishing pressure and lengthens recovery time for overfished species.