Salmon, Atlantic – Europe (Sake, Ikura)
Atlantic Salmon is an anadromous species, meaning it migrates from freshwaters to ocean waters to feed and then back to freshwaters to spawn. It is found throughout the North Atlantic, but there are over 1,500 distinct Atlantic Salmon river populations that exhibit high variability in many life history traits.
Most fishing for Atlantic Salmon occurs in coastal and river waters of European countries, with Norway and Scotland accounting for the highest catch. The North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization has helped to substantially reduce fishing exploitation on Atlantic salmon populations. However, abundance of Atlantic Salmon has continued to decline over the last of couple decades, and many European river populations are below the spawning biomass levels required for sustainability.
Atlantic Salmon are caught with a wide range of gears, including fixed trap nets and seine nets, which may cause some habitat damage, and by anglers using rod and line. Bycatch levels in Atlantic Salmon fisheries are unknown.