Salmon (Sake, Ikura) – U.S. California, Oregon, and Washington, Gillnet, Purse Seine and Troll
Five species of Salmon – Chum, Chinook (AKA King Salmon), Coho, Pink, and Sockeye – are found in the waters off Washington, Oregon and California. All five species spawn in freshwater, spend part of their life in the ocean and then return to freshwater to spawn. Sexual maturity is reached between two to seven years of age and salmon spawn thousands of eggs during a spawning event, but die afterwards.
Management of U.S. West Coast (California to Washington) salmon is comprehensive and catches are monitored to protect weak populations. However, overall population abundance remains well below historical levels and many populations remain on the endangered species list. Habitat degradation from dams, logging, and development pose serious problems for most salmon on the West Coast.