Scallop, Scottish King
The Scottish Scallop is a large marine bivalve found in the northeastern Atlantic from Norway to Spain. Scottish Scallops lie partly buried in the sediment on the seafloor, and are relatively fast growing and reach sexual maturity at an early age.
They are commercially important throughout their range, but the majority of landings are taken in UK and French waters. The fisheries are regulated by the European Union (EU) through minimum size limits, and also by national legislation, which impose further restrictions to limit fishing effort.
In some regions of Scotland, Scottish Scallop populations are declining and at low abundance levels, while populations in other parts of the UK appear to be stable.
In France, where management regulations are more stringent, populations are increasing in some areas.
The majority of Scottish Scallops are captured with dredges, which can cause substantial damage to the habitat and benthic communities, and likely result in moderate levels of bycatch.