Scup are primarily found in the northwest Atlantic from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to South Carolina. Scup have large migrations, moving from coastal waters in summer to offshore waters in winter. Scup reach sexual maturity between two to three years of age and spawn once a year between May and August.
Fisheries management for Scup is effective throughout its range and subsequently Scup abundance is very high.
Scup are caught using several fishing methods, but the main method is bottom (otter) trawl, which can have a substantial impact on the sea floor.