Squid, Market (Ika) (calamari) – California, Purse Seine
Market Squid are short-lived, but they are vulnerable to large-scale changes in the environment driven by El Nino Southern Oscillation events. Accurate estimates of Market Squid abundance elude fisheries biologists and managers, which makes management of the population difficult.
Market Squid off the California coast are caught with purse seines. Normally this method causes limited habitat damage, but when used in the Market Squid fishery, purse seines often contact and damage the seafloor. Also, there are bycatch issues, including the squids’ own egg cases as they spawn.