California Yellowtail are found and caught commercially off California and Baja California, Mexico. They reach sexual maturity at an early age, but are relatively slow growing and known to form spawning aggregations, making them vulnerable to fishing pressure.
Catches of California Yellowtail have fluctuated greatly over the years, tending to be greater during El Nino events when waters are warmer and much less during cool, La Nina events.
Abundance levels of California Yellowtail populations are not known, but catches in recent years have been low. California Yellowtail are captured with both set and drift gillnets and hook-and-line. Drift gillnets and hook-and-line cause minimal habitat damage while set gillnets may cause moderate habitat damage. Bycatch in these fisheries is likely moderate.
Some management regulations are in place for the California fisheries, such as a minimum size limit and restricted fishing areas, but regulations are not in place for Mexico fisheries.